This guideline applies to children younger than 5 years who present to a healthcare professional for advice in any setting. It covers diagnosis, assessment of dehydration, fluid management, nutritional management and the role of antibiotics and other therapies. It provides recommendations on the advice to be given to parents and carers, and also considers when care should be escalated - from home management through to hospital admission.
The guideline will assume that prescribers will use a drug's summary of product characteristics to inform their decisions for individual patients.
Please note that an amended version of the Understanding NICE guidance document (originally published in April 2010) is now available. This version enhances the advice to parents and carers relating to action required when a child has bilious (green) vomit.