The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on transabdominal artifical bowel sphincter implantation for faecal incontinence.

  • Description

    Faecal incontinence occurs when a person loses the ability to control their bowel movements, resulting in leakage of faeces. It can happen as a result of congenital abnormalities of the anal sphincter (the ring of muscle that keeps the anus closed), injury to the sphincter during childbirth or surgery, disease of the nervous system, prolapse of the pelvic organs or pelvic radiotherapy. In this procedure, an inflatable circular cuff is placed in the anorectal area. The cuff is controlled using a pump that is implanted under the skin in the lower half of the abdomen and connected to a reservoir of fluid. Pressure on the pump allows fluid to move to and from the cuff, to open or close the anus and allow bowel movements to be controlled.

  • OPCS4.6 Code(s)

    H57.1 Placement of artificial anal sphincter NEC

    Y50.2 Laparotomy approach NEC

    Z29.8 Specified part of bowel NEC

    The NHS Classifications Service of NHS Connecting for Health is the central definitive source for clinical coding guidance and determines the coding standards associated with the classifications (OPCS-4 and ICD-10) to be used across the NHS.   The NHS Classifications Service and NICE work collaboratively to ensure the most appropriate classification codes are provided.

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