Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe acute respiratory failure in adults

NICE interventional procedures guidance [IPG391] Published date:

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The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe acute respiratory failure in adults.

It replaces the previous guidance on Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adults  (Interventional Procedures Guidance no. 39 January 2004).  

  • Description

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a temporary life support technique, used to treat respiratory failure (where the lungs do not work effectively) in critically ill patients. The aim is to increase oxygen levels in the blood. During the procedure, a tube carries blood from the right side of the heart then pumps it through an artificial lung where it picks up oxygen. This oxygen-rich blood is then passed back into the person’s blood system.

  • OPCS4.6 Code(s)

    X58.1 Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

    The NHS Classifications Service of NHS Connecting for Health is the central definitive source for clinical coding guidance and determines the coding standards associated with the classifications (OPCS-4 and ICD-10) to be used across the NHS.   The NHS Classifications Service and NICE work collaboratively to ensure the most appropriate classification codes are provided.  www.connectingforhealth.co.uk/clinicalcoding

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