notes (if applicable):
|Why this is important:- Recurrent urinary tract infections in people with neurogenic bladder dysfunction are a cause of considerable morbidity. Urinary tract infections may exacerbate incontinence, cause symptoms of malaise and may progress to involve the upper urinary tract with possible loss of renal function. In the population with neurological diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and dementia, the rise in temperature with urinary tract infections can cause deterioration in neurological function and even a relapse of multiple sclerosis. There are therefore numerous reasons why people with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction should
avoid urinary tract infections.
The causes for the high prevalence of urinary tract infections in such people include loss of physiological bladder function and high intravesical pressures. Intermittent or permanent
catheterisation inevitably exacerbate the problem, but incomplete bladder emptying is also a
predisposing factor for urinary tract infections.
Research in this area is faced with methodological difficulties, not least because it may be
difficult to distinguish between bladder colonisation (asymptomatic bacteriuria) and true
In view of the considerable clinical burden of urinary tract infections and the global problem of
antibiotic resistance, it is important to establish whether or not any infection prevention
strategies, including patient training or the provision of information relating to prophylactic
antibiotics are effective in reducing symptomatic urinary tract infections.