This guideline covers the assessment and care of adults who are at risk of or who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as heart disease and stroke. It aims to help healthcare professionals identify people who are at risk of cardiovascular problems including people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. It describes the lifestyle changes people can make and how statins can be used to reduce their risk.
In September 2016, recommendation 1.3.28 was amended to clarify what was meant by high-intensity statin treatment, and that the recommendation applies to both primary and secondary prevention. The term ‘high-intensity statin’ was also added to the ‘Terms used in this guideline’ section and linked to throughout.
This guideline includes recommendations on:
Who is it for?
- Healthcare professionals
- People who are at risk of CVD or who have had CVD
Is this guideline up to date?
We checked this guideline in January 2018. We will plan an update of the guideline on cardiovascular disease.
Guideline development process
This guideline updates and replaces NICE guideline CG67 (September 2008) and NICE technology appraisal guidance TA94 (January 2006).
The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, professionals and practitioners are expected to take this guideline fully into account, alongside the individual needs, preferences and values of their patients or the people using their service. It is not mandatory to apply the recommendations, and the guideline does not override the responsibility to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual, in consultation with them and their families and carers or guardian.
All problems (adverse events) related to a medicine or medical device used for treatment or in a procedure should be reported to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency using the Yellow Card Scheme.
Local commissioners and providers of healthcare have a responsibility to enable the guideline to be applied when individual professionals and people using services wish to use it. They should do so in the context of local and national priorities for funding and developing services, and in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, to advance equality of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.