Recommendation ID

Tools for case identification for cognitive impairment in criminal justice system populations:- What are the reliable and valid tools to identify cognitive impairment among people in contact with the criminal justice system (including people who have experienced physical trauma, neurodevelopmental disorders or other acquired cognitive impairment)?

Any explanatory notes
(if applicable)

Why this is important:- Acquired cognitive impairment is common in criminal justice system populations and may be associated with poor social, occupational an interpersonal functioning. Also, people with acquired cognitive impairment have high risk of self-harm which is particularly prevalent in the prison population. Acquired cognitive impairment may arise as a result of, for example, traumatic brain injury, a stroke or other neurological conditions. Experts in this area have suggested that early
identification of deficits, and implementation of effective management strategies, could be important in limiting the long-term impact of acquired cognitive impairment. However, there is a lack of evidence on reliable and valid case identification tools and methods. It is important that research is developed to assist staff in the criminal justice pathway to help identify people with acquired cognitive impairment and support better understanding and management of acquired cognitive impairment.

Source guidance details

Comes from guidance
Mental health of adults in contact with the criminal justice system
Date issued
March 2017

Other details

Is this a recommendation for the use of a technology only in the context of research? No  
Is it a recommendation that suggests collection of data or the establishment of a register?   No  
Last Reviewed 31/03/2017