This guideline covers when to offer caesarean section, procedural aspects of the operation and care after caesarean section. It aims to improve the consistency and quality of care for women who are considering a caesarean section or have had a caesarean section in the past and are now pregnant again.
In August 2012, recommendations 220.127.116.11 and 18.104.22.168 on ‘place of birth’ were removed because this topic is covered by NICE’s guideline on intrapartum care for healthy women and babies.
This guideline includes recommendations on:
- when to offer planned caesarean section
- when a caesarean section may be required during birth
- procedural aspects of caesarean section
- care of the baby and mother after caesarean section
- recovery after caesarean section
- subsequent pregnancy and childbirth after caesarean section
Who is it for?
- Healthcare professionals
- Commissioners and providers
- Public health and trust managers
- Pregnant women, their families, birth supporters and other carers
Is this guideline up to date?
Guideline development process
This clinical guideline updates and replaces NICE guideline CG13 (published April 2004).
The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, professionals are expected to take this guideline fully into account, alongside the individual needs, preferences and values of their patients or service users. The application of the recommendations in this guideline is not mandatory and the guideline does not override the responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or their carer or guardian.
Local commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to enable the guideline to be applied when individual health professionals and their patients or service users wish to use it. They should do so in the context of local and national priorities for funding and developing services, and in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, to advance equality of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.