The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.
It replaces the previous guidance on Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) (NICE interventional procedures guidance 35, January 2004).
Coronary artery disease (also called coronary heart disease or ischaemic heart disease) happens when the build-up of a fatty substance narrows or blocks the arteries restricting supply of blood to the heart muscle, which may cause chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.
Coronary artery bypass grafting aims to improve the flow of blood to the heart muscle. The surgeon uses a healthy blood vessel, usually taken from the chest or the leg, and attaches it on the heart muscle so that blood can get round (‘bypass’) the affected part of the coronary artery.
Guidance development process
This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, healthcare professionals are expected to take this guidance fully into account, and specifically any special arrangements relating to the introduction of new interventional procedures. The guidance does not override the individual responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or guardian or carer.
All problems (adverse events) related to a medicine or medical device used for treatment or in a procedure should be reported to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency using the Yellow Card Scheme.
Commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to implement the guidance, in their local context, in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, advance equality of opportunity, and foster good relations. Nothing in this guidance should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties. Providers should ensure that governance structures are in place to review, authorise and monitor the introduction of new devices and procedures.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.