The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on this procedure.
As part of the NICE's work programme, the current guidance was considered for review in May 2009 but did not meet the review criteria as set out in the IP process guide. The guidance below therefore remains current.
Superficial parotid gland surgery may be complicated in about 10%–15% of cases by the development of an abnormal tract (sinus) between the remnants of the parotid gland and the outer surface of the cheek The sinus may have unwanted cosmetic effects, cause excoriation of the cheek and may also cause chronic leakage of saliva.
This procedure involves injecting a solution of lipiodiol and cyanoacrylate via the sinus into the parotid gland, sealing the sinus. The procedure may be repeated.
Other interventions for parotid sinus include watchful waiting, bandaging, radiotherapy, local denervation of the gland or excision of the deep parotid lobe. Excision of the deep lobe risks damaging branches of the facial nerve.
This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, healthcare professionals are expected to take this guidance fully into account. However, the guidance does not override the individual responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or guardian or carer.
Commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to implement the guidance, in their local context, in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, advance equality of opportunity, and foster good relations. Nothing in this guidance should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.