1.1 Current evidence on the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency treatment for haemorrhoids is inadequate in quantity and quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with special arrangements for clinical governance, consent and audit or research.
1.2 Clinicians wishing to do radiofrequency treatment for haemorrhoids should:
Inform the clinical governance leads in their NHS trusts.
Ensure that patients understand the uncertainty about the procedure's safety and efficacy and provide them with clear written information. In addition, the use of NICE's information for the public is recommended.
1.3 NICE encourages further research into radiofrequency treatment for haemorrhoids, preferably randomised controlled trials. It may update the guidance on publication of further evidence. Outcomes should include pain, secondary haemorrhage, recurrence rate, the need for repeat procedures and quality-of-life measures. Details of patient selection should also be reported.