Evidence-based recommendations on intramuscular diaphragm stimulation for ventilator-dependent chronic respiratory failure in people with high spinal cord injuries. This involves implanting electrodes into the diaphragm to make it contract. This gradually strengthens the diaphragm and may eventually help the person to breathe without a ventilator.

This guidance replaces NICE interventional procedures guidance on intramuscular diaphragm stimulation for ventilator-dependent chronic respiratory failure due to neurological disease (IPG307).

Next review: September 2020.

Coding and clinical classification codes for this guidance

Guidance development process

How we develop NICE interventional procedures guidance

Your responsibility

This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, healthcare professionals are expected to take this guidance fully into account. However, the guidance does not override the individual responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or guardian or carer.

Commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to implement the guidance, in their local context, in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, advance equality of opportunity, and foster good relations. Nothing in this guidance should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties.

Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)