This guideline covers the care and treatment of people with, or at risk of developing, chronic kidney disease. It aims to prevent or delay the progression of chronic kidney disease, reduce or prevent the development of complications, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
This guideline includes recommendations on:
Who is it for?
- Healthcare professionals
- Commissioners and providers
- People with chronic kidney disease, their families and carers
Is this guideline up to date?
We reviewed the evidence in April 2017 and we are updating the recommendations on investigations for and classification of chronic kidney disease, defining progression and anaemia identification in people with CKD.
Guideline development process
How we develop NICE guidelines
This guideline updates and replaces NICE guideline CG73 (September 2008).
This guideline was previously called chronic kidney disease: early identification and management of chronic kidney disease in adults in primary and secondary care.
The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, professionals are expected to take this guideline fully into account, alongside the individual needs, preferences and values of their patients or service users. The application of the recommendations in this guideline is not mandatory and the guideline does not override the responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or their carer or guardian.
Local commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to enable the guideline to be applied when individual health professionals and their patients or service users wish to use it. They should do so in the context of local and national priorities for funding and developing services, and in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, to advance equality of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.