Glossary

Advocacy services

Advocacy services can make sure that a person's wishes are explained to those involved in care. They can speak on people's behalf if they are unable to communicate their needs and make sure they receive the information and care they should.

Antidepressant

A medicine that can help symptoms of depression.

Antipsychotic

A medicine that can treat psychosis (when a person has hallucinations or delusions).

Anxiety

Feelings of worry or fear that can be difficult to control.

Cognitive behavioural therapy

A psychological treatment in which people work with a therapist to look at how their problems, feelings and behaviour all fit together. It can help people to deal with negative thoughts and to change behaviour that may have developed since they became ill.

Cognitive stimulation programme

A kind of treatment that involves doing activities that require some thought and solving problems, which can be enjoyable.

Cognitive symptoms

Symptoms of dementia that affect memory, thought processes, concentration, and ability to read and write.

Delusions

Believing things that are not real.

Depression

A mental disorder that causes a loss of pleasure in things that were enjoyable before, withdrawal from family and friends, and negative and self-critical thoughts. Other symptoms may include feeling tearful, feeling irritable or tired, loss of appetite, and sleep problems.

Hallucinations

Seeing or hearing things that are not really there.

Lasting power of attorney

This allows a person to choose someone to make decisions about their healthcare, legal affairs and finances if they no longer have the ability to make decisions. It replaces a similar system known as 'enduring power of attorney'.

Mild dementia

Symptoms that can give a person with dementia some difficulty, including some memory loss and feelings of disorientation, and finding it hard to cope with complex problems.

Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)

A short memory test used to help work out if a person may have dementia and to measure how severe it is. A score of 0 to 10 (out of 30) is usually classified as severe dementia, 10 to 20 as moderate dementia and 21 to 26 as mild dementia.

Moderate dementia

Symptoms that can give a person with dementia significant difficulty, including severe memory loss and feelings of disorientation, and finding it very hard to cope with everyday problems.

NHS Continuing Care

Fully funded care for people who do not need to stay in hospital but who do need long-term medical and nursing care.

Non-cognitive symptoms

Symptoms of dementia that affect a person's behaviour and mood. Such symptoms might include those of depression and anxiety. Other symptoms include hallucinations, delusions and aggressive or very agitated behaviour.

Palliative care

Care that helps to relieve the symptoms, such as pain or anxiety, of an illness that can't be cured.

Preferred place of care

A plan that allows a person with an illness to make decisions about their care in the future, including where they would like to die.

Psychological treatment

A broad term used to describe meeting with a therapist to talk about feelings and moods.

Psychosis

A serious mental disorder in which a person has hallucinations and/or delusions.

Resuscitation

Procedures that doctors use to revive a person who is not breathing.

Severe dementia

Symptoms that can give a person with dementia great difficulty, including very severe memory loss and feelings of disorientation, and being unable to communicate, make decisions or do simple things (such as eating or walking).