The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland in May 2006. NICE is currently updating this guidance. The new guidance will be published shortly. Until then the NHS should continue to follow the recommendations outlined in the current version of the guidance. The Interventional Procedures Advisory Committee (IPAC) will consider this procedure review and NICE will issue an interventional procedures consultation document about its safety and efficacy for 4 weeks’ public consultation. IPAC will then review the consultation document in the light of comments received and produce a final interventional procedures document, which will be considered by NICE before guidance is issued to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Status In progress
Process IP
Description Fetal aortic balloon valvuloplasty is done at 21–32 weeks’ gestation. Under maternal local anaesthesia and sedation, a needle is inserted through the mother's abdominal wall into the uterine cavity with ultrasound guidance. Analgesia is injected into the fetus before advancing the needle through the fetal chest wall into the left ventricle. A guidewire is inserted through the needle and across the aortic valve. A balloon catheter is then inserted and inflated to dilate the stenotic valve. The catheter and needle are then withdrawn. Fetal positioning is critical for the success of the procedure.


Key events during the development of the guidance:

Date Update
25 January 2018 - 22 February 2018 Interventional procedure consultation

For further information on how we develop guidance, please see our page about NICE interventional procedures guidance