NICE has been notified about this procedure and it is part of its work programme. The Interventional Procedures Advisory Committee (IPAC) will consider this procedure and NICE will issue an interventional procedures consultation document about its safety and efficacy for 4 weeks’ public consultation. IPAC will then review the consultation document in the light of comments received and produce a final interventional procedures document, which will be considered by NICE before guidance is issued to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Status In progress
Process IP
ID number 938
Description The aim of endoscopic balloon dilation is to dilate airway strictures with minimal mucosal trauma by applying pressure to an area of stenosis. The procedure is most commonly performed on iatrogenic stenosis as the stenosis is typically soft, and is less commonly performed on harder, established stenosis. The procedure is usually done under general anaesthesia and using direct laryngoscopic or bronchoscopic visualisation. A balloon device is introduced into the airway and the balloon is gently inflated, applying radial pressure circumferentially to the stricture. After dilation, the balloon is deflated, and the device withdrawn. The procedure may be used in combination with other treatments. The procedure can be repeated if required. The aim of the procedure is to widen the stenotic airway and thereby improve symptoms.

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Key events during the development of the guidance:

Date Update
21 October 2021 - 18 November 2021 Interventional procedure consultation

For further information on how we develop guidance, please see our page about NICE interventional procedures guidance