1.1 Current evidence on intraocular lens (IOL) insertion for correction of refractive error, with preservation of the natural lens is available for large numbers of patients. There is good evidence of short-term safety and efficacy. However, there is an increased risk of cataract, corneal damage or retinal detachment and there are no long-term data about this. Therefore, the procedure may be used with normal arrangements for clinical governance and audit, but with special arrangements for consent.
1.2 Clinicians wishing to undertake IOL insertion for correction of refractive error, with preservation of the natural lens should ensure that patients understand the risks of having an artificial lens implanted for visual impairment that might otherwise be corrected using spectacles or contact lenses. They should understand the possibility of cataract, corneal damage or retinal detachment, and the lack of evidence relating to long-term outcomes. Patients should be provided with clear information. In addition, the use of NICE's information for patients ('Understanding NICE guidance') is recommended.
1.3 Both clinicians and manufacturers are encouraged to collect long-term data on people who undergo IOL insertion, and to publish their findings. NICE may review the procedure on publication of further evidence.