The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on Deep brain stimulation for refractory epilepsy.


Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition characterised by recurrent seizures, in which the brain's normal electrical activity becomes overactive and abnormal. During deep brain stimulation, a thin wire is implanted into the brain. The wire is attached to an electrical stimulator, which is placed under the skin of the chest. The aim is that electrical stimulation of a particular area of the brain will suppress the abnormal electrical activity associated with a seizure.

Coding recommendations

A09.1 Implantation of neurostimulator into brain


Y53.3 Approach to organ under computed tomography scan control


Y53.7 Approach to organ under magnetic resonance imaging control

In addition an ICD-10 code from category G40.- Epilepsy is assigned.

Your responsibility

This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, healthcare professionals are expected to take this guidance fully into account, and specifically any special arrangements relating to the introduction of new interventional procedures. The guidance does not override the individual responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or guardian or carer. 

All problems (adverse events) related to a medicine or medical device used for treatment or in a procedure should be reported to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency using the Yellow Card Scheme.

Commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to implement the guidance, in their local context, in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, advance equality of opportunity, and foster good relations. Nothing in this guidance should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties. Providers should ensure that governance structures are in place to review, authorise and monitor the introduction of new devices and procedures.

Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)