1.1 Current evidence on the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency cold ablation for respiratory papillomatosis is inadequate in quantity and quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with special arrangements for clinical governance, consent and audit or research.
1.2 Clinicians wishing to undertake radiofrequency cold ablation for respiratory papillomatosis should take the following actions:
Ensure that patients and their carers or parents understand the uncertainty about the procedure's safety and efficacy and provide them with clear written information. In addition, the use of NICE's information for the public is recommended.
1.3 NICE encourages further research and data collection on radiofrequency cold ablation for respiratory papillomatosis. In particular, research and data collection should report treatment indication (whether for primary or secondary treatment of respiratory papillomatosis), outcomes related to timing and site of disease recurrence, the need for tracheostomy after the procedure, and longer-term survival. In addition, any effect of the procedure on voice quality should be documented.
1.4 Clinicians should enter details for all paediatric patients undergoing radiofrequency cold ablation for respiratory papillomatosis onto the Airway Intervention Registry and for adult patients having the procedure into the ENT UK national audit database.
1.5 NICE may review the procedure on publication of further evidence.