Information for the public
There is some evidence that this procedure works but not much good evidence that it helps patients live longer or improves their quality of life. There are risks including pneumothorax, which can be serious in people whose lungs are already not working well.
It should only be used if extra care is taken to explain the risks to patients and extra steps are put in place to record and review what happens to patients who have this procedure.
More research on microwave ablation for lung cancer is needed.
Your health professional should fully explain what is involved in having this procedure and discuss the possible benefits and risks with you. In particular, they should explain the uncertainty about the evidence on how likely it is to improve your symptoms and possible side effects, including pneumothorax. You should also be told how to find more information about the procedure. You should only be asked if you want to agree to this procedure after having this discussion.
Your health professional may ask you if details of your procedure can be collected.