1 Recommendations

1 Recommendations

1.1 Current evidence on the safety and efficacy of subcutaneous implantation of a battery-powered catheter drainage system for managing refractory and recurrent ascites is inadequate in quantity and quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used in the context of research.

1.2 Research (which may include observational studies) should clearly document the indications for use of the procedure and details of patient selection. Reported outcomes should include quality of life, overall survival and paracentesis-free survival, duration of function of the drainage system, nutritional parameters and any complications associated with its implantation or use.

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)