Information for the public
Migraines are severe headaches, often associated with feeling sick and sensitivity to light and sound. Some patients have some form of warning (an 'aura'), which can include visual disturbances, confusion or difficulty speaking, usually before the headache starts.
The usual treatment is drugs including triptans, painkillers and anti‑sickness drugs. Types of drug that can help stop or reduce the frequency of attacks are beta‑blockers, tricyclic antidepressants and some drugs used for treating epilepsy.
Other procedures, including different types of nerve stimulation, are sometimes tried if the person's migraine does not respond to drug treatment.
NICE has looked at using transcutaneous electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerve as another treatment option.