1 Recommendations

1 Recommendations

1.1 Current evidence on endoscopic bipolar radiofrequency ablation for treating biliary obstruction caused by cancer shows there are serious but well recognised safety concerns. Evidence on efficacy is limited in quality and quantity. Therefore, this procedure should only be used in the context of research, which should include randomised controlled trials.

1.2 Further research should address: patient selection, relief of biliary obstruction, quality of life and survival.

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)