Health and wellbeing

Health relates to a person's physical or mental condition. Wellbeing is the subjective state of being healthy, happy, contented, comfortable and satisfied with one's quality of life.


The action of leading a group of people or an organisation, or the ability to do this. The ability of an organisation's management to make sound decisions and inspire others to perform well.

Line manager

A person with direct managerial responsibility for an employee.


An organisation employing fewer than 10 people.

Occupational health service

A service established either in‑house or externally to:

  • protect employees against health hazards from their work or working conditions

  • support the physical and mental wellbeing of employees

  • conduct medicals and monitor the health of new and existing employees

  • help organisations manage short‑ and long‑term sickness absence.


Inappropriately continuing to go to work despite health problems. It also describes someone's attendance at work without performing all of their usual tasks (regardless of the reason). When employees feel the need to attend work although they are not functioning fully it can result in losses in productivity. Presenteeism can also make health problems worse.

Vocational rehabilitation

Helping people who are finding it difficult to obtain, stay in or return to work because of a physical or mental impairment.

ISBN: 978-1-4731-1272-8

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)