Terms used in the guideline

Terms used in the guideline

Leg ulcer

A leg ulcer is a long-lasting (chronic) open wound that takes more than 4 to 6 weeks to heal. Leg ulcers usually develop on the lower leg, between the shin and the ankle.

Necrotising fasciitis

This is a rare but serious bacterial infection that affects the tissue beneath the skin and surrounding muscles and organs (fascia). Early symptoms can include intense pain that is out of proportion to any damage to the skin, and fever. The most common cause is group A streptococcus.


This is an infection of the bone. It can be very painful and most commonly occurs in the long bones of the leg. It can also occur in other bones, such as those in the back or arms. Anyone can develop osteomyelitis, but certain people are more at risk, including people with diabetes and those with a weakened immune system.

  • Public Health England
  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)