2 Treatment and care planning
2.1 When possible, discuss the risks, benefits and likely outcomes of treatment options with patients with COVID‑19, and their families and carers. This will help them make informed decisions about their treatment goals and wishes, including treatment escalation plans where appropriate.
2.2 Find out if patients have advance care plans or advance decisions to refuse treatment, including 'do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation' decisions.
2.3 Use decision support tools (when available). Bear in mind that these discussions may need to take place remotely (see recommendation 1.3). Document discussions and decisions clearly and take account of these in planning care.