1 Communicating with patients including on treatment and care planning
make informed decisions about their treatment goals and wishes, including treatment escalation plans when appropriate
understand that COVID‑19 pneumonia is caused by a virus, so antibiotics are ineffective unless there is a bacterial co-infection.
1.2 Find out if patients have advance care plans or advance decisions to refuse treatment, including 'do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation' decisions.
1.3 Use decision support tools (when available). Bear in mind that these discussions may need to take place remotely. Document discussions and decisions clearly, and take account of these in planning care.
1.4 Provide patients, their families and carers with information that meets their communication needs (see NHS England's Accessible Information Standard).
1.5 Discuss with patients, their families and carers about the options for enrolling in a COVID‑19 clinical trial.