6 Recommendations for research

The Programme Development Group recommends that the following research questions should be addressed to fill the most important gaps in the evidence.

Recommendation 1

Who should take action?

Research commissioners and funders.

What action should they take?

Commission research on the most effective and cost effective ways to prevent relapse among those who have been able to quit smoking.

Recommendation 2

Who should take action?

Research commissioners and funders.

What action should they take?

Commission research to determine the long-term outcomes of NHS Stop Smoking Services, particularly among minority ethnic and disadvantaged communities. The research should analyse access to and uptake of the service, compliance with treatment and outcomes, according to people's socioeconomic status, age, gender, disability and ethnicity. It should also analyse the individual's experience of, and satisfaction with, the service.

Recommendation 3

Who should take action?

Research commissioners and funders.

What action should they take?

Commission research to determine whether the nicotine assisted reduction to stop (NARS) strategy helps individuals to stop smoking completely within a 12-month period – even though initially they were only willing to cut down.

Recommendation 4

Who should take action?

Research commissioners and funders.

What action should they take?

Commission research to determine the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions delivered through new media such as podcasts, email and text messaging.

Recommendation 5

Who should take action?

Research commissioners and funders.

What action should they take?

Commission research to determine the comparative effectiveness and cost effectiveness of both types of telephone quitline – proactive (contact made by counsellors) and reactive (contact made by people who smoke).

Recommendation 6

Who should take action?

Research commissioners and funders.

What action should they take?

Commission high quality and, where appropriate, comparative studies to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of cytisine for smoking cessation.

Recommendation 7

Who should take action?

Research commissioners and funders.

What action should they take?

Commission high quality and, where appropriate, comparative studies to determine the short- and long-term effectiveness of Allen Carr's Easyway method of stopping smoking. Studies should also analyse the individual's experience of, and satisfaction with, the service.