Introduction

Introduction

The Department of Health asked the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) to produce public health guidance on reducing differences in the uptake of immunisations, including targeted vaccinations, among children and young people aged under 19 years.

The guidance focuses on increasing immunisation uptake among children and young people aged under 19 years in groups and settings where immunisation coverage is low. It also focuses on improving uptake of the hepatitis B immunisation for babies born to mothers infected with hepatitis B.

It is for NHS and other commissioners, managers and professionals who have a direct or indirect role in, and responsibility for, the immunisation of children and young people. This includes those working in: children's services, local authorities, education and the wider public, private, voluntary and community sectors. It may also be of interest to parents, others with parental responsibility, all those who look after the health and wellbeing of children and young people and members of the public.

This guidance supports national policy and guidance from the Department of Health as set out in the Green Book and on the NHS immunisation website.

The Public Health Interventions Advisory Committee (PHIAC) developed these recommendations on the basis of a review of the evidence, an economic analysis, expert advice, stakeholder comments and fieldwork.

Members of PHIAC are listed in appendix A. The methods used to develop the guidance are summarised in appendix B. Supporting documents used to prepare this document are listed in appendix E. Full details of the evidence collated, including fieldwork data and activities and stakeholder comments, are available, along with a list of the stakeholders involved and NICE's supporting process and methods manuals.

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)