The conditions and the treatment

The conditions and the treatment

The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system and are found in the abdomen. Cancer can occur in the tissue covering the ovaries, in the tubes leading from the ovaries to the womb (fallopian tube cancer) or in the membrane that lines the inside of the abdomen (peritoneal cancer).

Cells contain genes that are normally protective against cancer– they repair any damage that naturally occurs when cells divide. Having faulty versions (mutations) of these genes significantly raises your risk of developing cancer because the faulty genes cannot repair the damaged cells, which can lead to cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are gene mutations that increase the risk of having cancer.

The first treatment for ovarian cancer is usually platinum‑based chemotherapy drugs. 'Platinum-sensitive' means that the cancer has come back (relapsed) more than 6 months after the last dose of platinum-based chemotherapy drugs.

Olaparib is a drug that kills cancer cells.

NHS Choices may be a good place to find out more.

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