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What is the benefit of bilateral cochlear implantation compared with unilateral cochlear implantation in adults with severe to profound deafness?

Recommendation ID TA566/1 Question What is the benefit of bilateral cochlear implantation compared with unilateral cochlear implantation

Research recommendation Published May 2019

Does a staff education programme (compared with an educational leaflet or usual care) reduce the incidence of delirium and improve the recognition and recording of delirium in people in hospital?

Recommendation ID CG103/5 Question Does a staff education programme (compared with an educational leaflet or usual care) reduce the incidence

Research recommendation Published May 2019

For people in long-term care, is a multicomponent non-pharmacological intervention more clinically and cost effective than usual care in preventing the development of delirium?

Recommendation ID CG103/3 Question For people in long-term care, is a multicomponent non-pharmacological intervention more clinically and

Research recommendation Published May 2019

In people in hospital who have delirium, which is the most effective medication (atypical antipsychotics, typical antipsychotics or benzodiazepines) compared with placebo or each other for treating delirium?

Recommendation ID CG103/2 Question In people in hospital who have delirium, which is the most effective medication (atypical antipsychotics

Research recommendation Published May 2019

How common is delirium and what are its adverse outcomes in people in long-term care?

Recommendation ID CG103/4 Question How common is delirium and what are its adverse outcomes in people in long-term care? Any explanatory

Research recommendation Published May 2019

Emotional freedom techniques:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of emotional freedom techniques (EFT) for the treatment of PTSD in adults?

Recommendation ID NG116/6 Question Emotional freedom techniques:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of emotional freedom techniques

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Complex PTSD:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of interventions to deliver stabilisation and reintegration for people with complex PTSD?

Recommendation ID NG116/5 Question Complex PTSD:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of interventions to deliver stabilisation

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Sequencing and further line treatment:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of sequencing and further line treatment in PTSD?

Recommendation ID NG116/2 Question Sequencing and further line treatment:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of sequencing and

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Stepped care for post-traumatic stress disorder:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of stepped care for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

Recommendation ID NG116/1 Question Stepped care for post-traumatic stress disorder:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of stepped

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Trauma-informed approaches:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of trauma-informed care or trauma-informed approaches?

Recommendation ID NG116/3 Question Trauma-informed approaches:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of trauma-informed care or

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations:- What is the comparative effectiveness of different antibiotics, doses and regimens of prophylactic antibiotics for people with stable COPD who are at high risk of exacerbations?

Recommendation ID NG115/8 Question Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations:- What is the comparative effectiveness of different

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations:- What is the comparative effectiveness of seasonal versus continuous prophylactic antibiotics for people with stable COPD who are at high risk of exacerbations?

Recommendation ID NG115/9 Question Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations:- What is the comparative effectiveness of seasonal

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Personalisation and risk markers:- What prognostic and prescriptive factors are important in determining the choice of PTSD treatment?

Recommendation ID NG116/4 Question Personalisation and risk markers:- What prognostic and prescriptive factors are important in determining

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations: - What is the long-term clinical and cost effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotics for people with stable COPD who are at high risk of exacerbations?

Recommendation ID NG115/7 Question Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations: - What is the long-term clinical and cost effectiveness

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Mucolytic therapy:- In people with COPD, does mucolytic drug therapy prevent exacerbations in comparison with placebo and other therapies?

Recommendation ID NG115/11 Question Mucolytic therapy:- In people with COPD, does mucolytic drug therapy prevent exacerbations in comparison

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Pulmonary hypertension:- What are the most clinical and cost-effective treatments for pulmonary hypertension in people with COPD?

Recommendation ID NG115/10 Question Pulmonary hypertension:- What are the most clinical and cost-effective treatments for pulmonary hypertension

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Inhaled corticosteroid responsiveness:- What features predict inhaled corticosteroid responsiveness most accurately in people with COPD?

Recommendation ID NG115/4 Question Inhaled corticosteroid responsiveness:- What features predict inhaled corticosteroid responsiveness most

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Inhaled therapies for people with COPD and asthma- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of inhaled therapies (bronchodilators and/or inhaled corticosteroids) in people with both stable COPD and asthma?

Recommendation ID NG115/3 Question Inhaled therapies for people with COPD and asthma- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of inhaled

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations:- Which subgroups of people with stable COPD who are at high risk of exacerbations are most likely to benefit from prophylactic antibiotics?

Recommendation ID NG115/5 Question Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing exacerbations:- Which subgroups of people with stable COPD who

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Further research on transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation for oropharyngeal dysphagia in adults should address patient selection, variations in technique, the need for retreatments and long-term outcomes.

Recommendation ID IPG634/1 Question Further research on transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation for oropharyngeal dysphagia

Research recommendation Published January 2019

Diagnosing COPD: -  What are the characteristics of people diagnosed with COPD as a result of an incidental finding ofemphysema on a CT scan, compared with those diagnosed with symptoms?

Recommendation ID NG115/6 Question Diagnosing COPD: - What are the characteristics of people diagnosed with COPD as a result of an incidental

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Frequency of follow-up imaging:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of 6-monthly imaging for 3 years for people with recurrent calcium renal or ureteric stones?

Recommendation ID NG118/4 Question Frequency of follow-up imaging:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of 6-monthly imaging for

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Evidence on the progression of X-linked hypophosphataemia (XLH) over time and the long-term benefits of burosumab would also be valuable.

Recommendation ID HST8/3 Question Evidence on the progression of X-linked hypophosphataemia (XLH) over time and the long-term benefits of

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Further research on electrically stimulated intravesical chemotherapy for nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer should include randomised controlled trials compared withstandard care, which should report details of patient selection.

Recommendation ID IPG638/1 Question Further research on electrically stimulated intravesical chemotherapy for nonmuscle-invasive bladder

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Further research on ex-situ machine perfusion for extracorporeal preservation of livers for transplantation should report the exact method of perfusion used (such ashypothermic or normothermic), graft survival and the use of marginal grafts.

Recommendation ID IPG636/1 Question Further research on ex-situ machine perfusion for extracorporeal preservation of livers for transplantation

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Further research on platelet-rich plasma injections for knee osteoarthritis should be in the form of randomised controlled trials with medium- to long-term follow-up, including validated measures of knee function and patient-reported outcomes.

Recommendation ID IPG637/1 Question Further research on platelet-rich plasma injections for knee osteoarthritis should be in the form of

Research recommendation Published February 2019

Metabolic assessment:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of full metabolic assessment compared with standard advice alone, in people with recurrent calcium oxalate stones?

Recommendation ID NG118/1 Question Metabolic assessment:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of full metabolic assessment compared

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Selective dorsal rhizotomy treatment to reduce spasticity:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of selective dorsal rhizotomy compared with intrathecal baclofen to reduce spasticity in adults with cerebral palsy?

Recommendation ID NG119/2 Question Selective dorsal rhizotomy treatment to reduce spasticity:- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Alpha blockers and ureteroscopy- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of tamsulosin as an adjunct to ureteroscopy?

Recommendation ID NG118/2 Question Alpha blockers and ureteroscopy- What is the clinical and cost effectiveness of tamsulosin as an adjunct

Research recommendation Published March 2019

The health-related quality-of-life evidence of patients with perianal fistulas is also lacking, therefore further research is recommended. Any research should measure the effect of treatment using preference-based measures (such as use of the EQ-5D questionnaire).

Recommendation ID TA556/2 Question The health-related quality-of-life evidence of patients with perianal fistulas is also lacking, therefore

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – route of administration:- What is the most clinically and cost effective route of administration for NSAIDs in the management of acute pain thought to be due to renal or ureteric stones?

Recommendation ID NG118/5 Question Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – route of administration:- What is the most clinically

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Splinting to improve or maintain posture or function:- What is the optimum regimen for splints applied to the upper limb in adults with cerebral palsy to improve or maintain posture or function?

Recommendation ID NG119/5 Question Splinting to improve or maintain posture or function:- What is the optimum regimen for splints applied

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Detection and management of respiratory disorders in primary and community care:- Can detection and management of respiratory disorders in adults with cerebral palsy be improved in primary and community care?

Recommendation ID NG119/3 Question Detection and management of respiratory disorders in primary and community care:- Can detection and management

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Augmentative and alternative communication systems:- Are augmentative and alternative communication systems clinically and cost effective in promoting  communication for adults with cerebral palsy who have communication difficulties?

Recommendation ID NG119/6 Question Augmentative and alternative communication systems:- Are augmentative and alternative communication systems

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Prophylactic antibiotics for respiratory disorders:- Are prophylactic antibiotics clinically and cost effective in the management of respiratory symptoms in adults with cerebral palsy with significant respiratory comorbidity?

Recommendation ID NG119/4 Question Prophylactic antibiotics for respiratory disorders:- Are prophylactic antibiotics clinically and cost

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Further research should include details of patient selection, durability and the incidence of complications. Outcomes should be published.

Recommendation ID IPG642/1 Question Further research should include details of patient selection, durability and the incidence of complications

Research recommendation Published March 2019

Further research should report details of patient selection, nodule size and position, and whether the nodule is cystic.

Recommendation ID IPG643/1 Question Further research should report details of patient selection, nodule size and position, and whether the

Research recommendation Published March 2019