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  1. Few women use contraception perfectly (that is, exactly in accordance with the product instructions) and consistently. Pregnancy rates during typical use reflect effectiveness of a method among women who use the method incorrectly or inconsistently. Few data are available on typical use of any contraceptive method among women in the UK. Much of the data on contraceptive effectiveness used in the guideline come from clinical trials or surveys undertaken in other countries such as the USA. Large prospective cohort studies are needed to compare the contraceptive effectiveness of LARC methods with non‑LARC methods during typical use in the UK.

    Recommendation ID CG30/1 Question Few women use contraception perfectly (that is, exactly in accordance with the product instructions)

  2. Current evidence on the safety of ultrasound-guided high‑intensity transcutaneous focused ultrasound for symptomatic uterine fibroids shows there are well-recognised complications including skin burns. The evidence on efficacy is limited in quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with  special arrangements   for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG657/1 Question Current evidence on the safety of ultrasound-guided high‑intensity transcutaneous focused ultrasound

  3. In addition to individual circumstances and needs, a woman's choice and acceptance of LARC may be influenced by potential health disbenefits (side effects and risks) as well as non‑contraceptive benefits of LARC (such as alleviation of menorrhagia). Large population studies of appropriate design are needed to determine the effect of these factors on the uptake of LARC methods and the implications for NHS resources.

    Recommendation ID CG30/3 Question In addition to individual circumstances and needs, a woman's choice and acceptance of LARC may be influenced

  4. Most women will need to use contraception for more than 30 years. Patterns of contraceptive use vary with age, ethnicity, marital status, fertility intention, education and lifestyle. Large prospective cohort studies are needed to identify: patterns of use (initiation, continuation and switching between methods) of LARC methods compared with non‑LARC methods factors that influence the patterns of use of LARC.

    Recommendation ID CG30/2 Question Most women will need to use contraception for more than 30 years. Patterns of contraceptive use vary

  5. What is the clinical and cost effectiveness, post-treatment and at longer-term follow‑up, of family therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for adolescents (IPT‑A) compared with each other and with individual CBT in young people aged 12 to 18 years with moderate to severe depression?

    Recommendation ID NG134/3 Question What is the clinical and cost effectiveness, post-treatment and at longer-term follow‑up, of family

  6. What is the most clinically and cost-effective follow‑up protocol for people with prostate cancer who have had radical treatment, with specific regard to risk stratification, duration of follow‑up, frequency of follow‑up appointments, the type of examination or blood tests, and the roles of primary and secondary care in follow‑up?

    Recommendation ID NG131/2 Question What is the most clinically and cost-effective follow‑up protocol for people with prostate cancer who

  7. What is the most suitable surveillance protocol (including the role of digital rectal examination [DRE] and prostate-specific antigen [PSA] measures) for people for whom active surveillance is appropriate, as assessed by multiparametric MRI and biopsy, when there are no clinical concerns during follow‑up?

    Recommendation ID NG131/1 Question What is the most suitable surveillance protocol (including the role of digital rectal examination [DRE]

  8. The evidence on the safety of transurethral laser ablation for recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer shows that there are no major safety concerns. However, current evidence on its efficacy is limited in quality and quantity. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with  special arrangements   for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG656/1 Question The evidence on the safety of transurethral laser ablation for recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder

  9. The committee recommended that further research is needed to measure the wider effects on public health and the costs of antimicrobial stewardship associated with different classes of antibiotics used in different healthcare settings. This will help to inform the development of technologies to guide more targeted use of antibiotics and wider UK antimicrobial resistance policy.

    Recommendation ID DG38/1 Question The committee recommended that further research is needed to measure the wider effects on public health

  10. What are the challenges and potential solutions for UK employers and employees in micro-, small- and medium-sized organisations (which may not have easy access to additional services such as employee assistance programmes or occupational health services) in ensuring sickness policy is managed effectively and facilitating return to work?

    Recommendation ID NG146/5 Question What are the challenges and potential solutions for UK employers and employees in micro-, small- and

  11. For children and young people with intractable cancer-related pain and pain associated with specific diseases (such as epidermolysis bullosa), what is the clinical and cost effectiveness of cannabis-based medicinal products as an add-on to standard treatment to improve symptoms compared with treatment with standard care?

    Recommendation ID NG144/2 Question For children and young people with intractable cancer-related pain and pain associated with specific