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Otitis media (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG91)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute otitis media (ear infection). It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antimicrobial resistance. Acute otitis media can be caused by viruses or bacteria. It lasts for about a week, and most children get better in 3 days without antibiotics. Serious complications are rare.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published March 2018

Pneumonia (community-acquired): antimicrobial prescribing (NG138)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for adults, young people, children and babies aged 72 hours and over with a confirmed diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published September 2019

Cough (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG120)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute cough associated with an upper respiratory tract infection or acute bronchitis in adults, young people and children. It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published February 2019

Cellulitis and erysipelas: antimicrobial prescribing (NG141)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for adults, young people, children and babies aged 72 hours and over with cellulitis and erysipelas. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published September 2019

Diabetic foot problems: prevention and management (NG19)

This guideline covers preventing and managing foot problems in children, young people and adults with diabetes. It aims to reduce variation in practice, including antibiotic prescribing for diabetic foot infections.

NICE guideline Published August 2015 Last updated October 2019

Sinusitis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG79)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute sinusitis. It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antimicrobial resistance. Acute sinusitis is usually caused by a virus, lasts for about 2 to 3 weeks, and most people get better without antibiotics. Withholding antibiotics rarely leads to complications.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2017

Sore throat (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG84)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute sore throat. It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antimicrobial resistance. Acute sore throat is often caused by a virus, lasts for about a week, and most people get better without antibiotics. Withholding antibiotics rarely leads to complications.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published January 2018

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (acute exacerbation): antimicrobial prescribing (NG114)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published December 2018

Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing (NG112)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Pyelonephritis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG111)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute pyelonephritis (upper urinary tract infection) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Prostatitis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG110)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute prostatitis. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing (NG109)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for lower urinary tract infection (also called cystitis) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Urinary tract infection (catheter-associated): antimicrobial prescribing (NG113)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for catheter-associated urinary tract infection in children, young people and adults. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published November 2018

Bronchiectasis (non-cystic fibrosis), acute exacerbation: antimicrobial prescribing (NG117)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for managing and preventing acute exacerbations of bronchiectasis (non-cystic fibrosis). It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published December 2018

Pneumonia (hospital-acquired): antimicrobial prescribing (NG139)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for adults, young people, children and babies aged 72 hours and over with a confirmed diagnosis of hospital-acquired pneumonia. It does not cover ventilator-associated pneumonia. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published September 2019

Social and emotional wellbeing: early years (PH40)

This guideline covers supporting the social and emotional wellbeing of vulnerable children under 5 through home visiting, childcare and early education. It aims to optimise care for young children who need extra support because they have or are at risk of social or emotional problems.

Public health guideline Published October 2012

Smokeless tobacco: South Asian communities (PH39)

This guideline covers people living in England with ancestral links to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan or Sri Lanka who use traditional South Asian varieties of smokeless tobacco. The aim is to help them stop using tobacco that is placed in the mouth or nose (but not burned). It does not include oral snuff products that are sucked.

Public health guideline Published September 2012

Type 2 diabetes prevention: population and community-level interventions (PH35)

This guideline covers preventing type 2 diabetes in adult populations and communities who are at high risk. It aims to promote a healthy diet and physical activity at community and population level, and recommends how to tailor services for people in ethnic communities and other groups who are particularly at risk of type 2 diabetes.

Public health guideline Published May 2011

Type 2 diabetes: prevention in people at high risk (PH38)

This guideline covers how to identify adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. It aims to remind practitioners that age is no barrier to being at high risk of, or developing, the condition. It also aims to help them provide those at high risk with an effective and appropriate intensive lifestyle-change programme to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. The recommendations in this guideline can be used alongside the NHS Health Check programme.

Public health guideline Published July 2012 Last updated September 2017

Unintentional injuries: prevention strategies for under 15s (PH29)

This guideline covers strategies, regulation, enforcement, surveillance and workforce development in relation to preventing unintentional injuries in the home, on the road and during outdoor play and leisure.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Smoking: stopping in pregnancy and after childbirth (PH26)

This guideline covers support to help women stop smoking during pregnancy and in the first year after childbirth. It includes identifying women who need help to quit, referring them to stop smoking services and providing intensive and ongoing support to help them stop. The guideline also advises how to tailor services for women from disadvantaged groups in which smoking rates are high.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Physical activity: walking and cycling (PH41)

This guideline covers encouraging people to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes.

Public health guideline Published November 2012

Social and emotional wellbeing in secondary education (PH20)

This guideline covers interventions to support social and emotional wellbeing among young people aged 11–19 years who are in full-time education. It aims to promote good social, emotional and psychological health to protect young people against behavioural and health problems.

Public health guideline Published September 2009

Preventing excess weight gain (NG7)

This guideline covers behaviours such as diet and physical activity to help children (after weaning), young people and adults maintain a healthy weight or help prevent excess weight gain. The aim is to prevent a range of diseases and conditions including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes and improve mental wellbeing.

NICE guideline Published March 2015

Smoking prevention in schools (PH23)

This guideline covers smoking prevention interventions that are delivered in schools or other educational institutions. It aims to prevent children and young people aged under 19 from taking up smoking.

Public health guideline Published February 2010

Mental wellbeing at work (PH22)

This guideline covers how to create the right conditions to support mental wellbeing at work. The aim is to promote a culture of participation, equality and fairness in the workplace based on open communication and flexible working.

Public health guideline Published November 2009

Obesity: working with local communities (PH42)

This guideline covers how local communities, with support from local organisations and networks, can help prevent people from becoming overweight or obese or help them lose weight. It aims to support sustainable and community-wide action to achieve this.

Public health guideline Published November 2012 Last updated June 2017

Smoking: harm reduction (PH45)

This guideline covers reducing harm from smoking. It aims to help people, particularly those who are highly dependent on nicotine, who:

Public health guideline Published June 2013 Last updated July 2013

Physical activity: exercise referral schemes (PH54)

This guideline covers exercise referral schemes for people aged 19 and older, in particular, those who are inactive or sedentary. The aim is to encourage people to be physically active.

Public health guideline Published September 2014

Needle and syringe programmes (PH52)

This guideline covers needle and syringe programmes for people (including those under 16) who inject drugs. The main aim is to reduce the transmission of viruses and other infections caused by sharing injecting equipment, such as HIV, hepatitis B and C. In turn, this will reduce the prevalence of blood-borne viruses and bacterial infections, so benefiting wider society.

Public health guideline Published March 2014

Contraceptive services for under 25s (PH51)

This guideline covers contraceptive services for under-25s. It aims to ensure all under-25s are given advice and information on all types of contraception. This includes additional tailored support to meet the particular needs and choices of those who are socially disadvantaged or who may find it difficult to use these services.

Public health guideline Published March 2014

Behaviour change: general approaches (PH6)

This guideline covers a set of principles that can be used to help people change their behaviour. The aim is for practitioners to use these principles to encourage people to adopt a healthier lifestyle by, for example, stopping smoking, adopting a healthy diet and being more physically active.

Public health guideline Published October 2007

Smoking: acute, maternity and mental health services (PH48)

This guideline covers helping people to stop smoking in acute, maternity and mental health services. It promotes smokefree policies and services and recommends effective ways to help people stop smoking or to abstain from smoking while using or working in secondary care settings.

Public health guideline Published November 2013

BMI: preventing ill health and premature death in black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups (PH46)

This guideline covers the link between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference and the risk of disease among adults from black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups in the UK. The aim was to determine whether lower cut-off points should be used for these groups as a trigger for lifestyle interventions to prevent conditions such as diabetes, myocardial infarction or stroke.

Public health guideline Published July 2013

Workplace health: long-term sickness absence and incapacity to work (PH19)

This guideline covers how to help employees return to work after long-term sickness and how to help people receiving benefits return to employment (paid or unpaid).

Public health guideline Published March 2009

Physical activity in the workplace (PH13)

This guideline covers how to encourage employees to be physically active. The aim is to increase the working population’s physical activity levels.

Public health guideline Published May 2008

Dementia, disability and frailty in later life – mid-life approaches to delay or prevent onset (NG16)

This guideline covers mid-life approaches to delay or prevent the onset of dementia, disability and frailty in later life. The guideline aims to increase the amount of time that people can be independent, healthy and active in later life.

NICE guideline Published October 2015

Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities (NG44)

This guideline covers community engagement approaches to reduce health inequalities, ensure health and wellbeing initiatives are effective and help local authorities and health bodies meet their statutory obligations.

NICE guideline Published March 2016

Looked-after children and young people (PH28)

This guideline covers how organisations, professionals and carers can work together to deliver high quality care, stable placements and nurturing relationships for looked-after children and young people. It aims to help these children and young people reach their full potential and enjoy the same opportunities in life as their peers.

Public health guideline Published October 2010 Last updated May 2015

Weight management before, during and after pregnancy (PH27)

This guideline covers how to assess and monitor body weight and how to prevent someone from becoming overweight or obese before, during and after pregnancy. The aim is help all women who have a baby to achieve and maintain a healthy weight by adopting a balanced diet and being physically active.

Public health guideline Published July 2010

Sexually transmitted infections and under-18 conceptions: prevention (PH3)

This guideline covers one-to-one interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and under-18 conceptions. The aim is to reduce the transmission of chlamydia and other STIs, including HIV, and reduce the rate of pregnancies among women aged under 18.

Public health guideline Published February 2007

Behaviour change: individual approaches (PH49)

This guideline covers changing health-damaging behaviours among people aged 16 and over using interventions such as goals and planning, feedback and monitoring, and social support. It aims to help tackle a range of behaviours including alcohol misuse, poor eating patterns, lack of physical activity, unsafe sexual behaviour and smoking.

Public health guideline Published January 2014

Smoking: workplace interventions (PH5)

This guideline covers how employers can encourage and support employees to stop smoking. It aims to reduce the number of people who smoke or are exposed to second-hand smoke and the rate of diseases and conditions caused by smoking.

Public health guideline Published April 2007

Domestic violence and abuse: multi-agency working (PH50)

This guideline covers planning and delivering multi-agency services for domestic violence and abuse. It aims to help identify, prevent and reduce domestic violence and abuse among women and men in heterosexual or same-sex relationships, and among young people.

Public health guideline Published February 2014

Smoking: preventing uptake in children and young people (PH14)

This guideline covers anti-smoking mass-media campaigns, for example, on TV, in newspapers and online. It also covers measures to prevent tobacco being sold to children and young people. The aim is to help prevent children and young people from taking up smoking.

Public health guideline Published July 2008 Last updated November 2014

Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions (PH16)

This guideline covers promoting mental wellbeing in people aged over 65. It focuses on practical support for everyday activities, based on occupational therapy principles and methods. This includes working with older people and their carers to agree what kind of support they need.

Public health guideline Published October 2008

Physical activity: brief advice for adults in primary care (PH44)

This guideline covers providing brief advice on physical activity to adults in primary care. It aims to improve health and wellbeing by raising awareness of the importance of physical activity and encouraging people to increase or maintain their activity level.

Public health guideline Published May 2013

Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese children and young people (PH47)

This guideline covers lifestyle weight management services for children and young people aged under 18 who are overweight or obese. It advises how to deliver effective weight management programmes that support children and young people to change their lifestyle and manage their weight.

Public health guideline Published October 2013

Social and emotional wellbeing in primary education (PH12)

This guideline covers approaches to promoting social and emotional wellbeing in children aged 4 to 11 years in primary education. It includes planning and delivering programmes and activities to help children develop social and emotional skills and wellbeing. It also covers identifying signs of anxiety or social and emotional problems in children and how to address them.

Public health guideline Published March 2008

Healthcare-associated infections: prevention and control (PH36)

This quality improvement guide was produced by NICE, in partnership with the Health Protection Agency (HPA). Its aim is twofold: to reduce the risk of harm from healthcare-associated infections for patients, staff and visitors; and to reduce the costs associated with preventable infection.

Public health guideline Published November 2011