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Behaviour change: general approaches (PH6)

This guideline covers a set of principles that can be used to help people change their behaviour. The aim is for practitioners to use these principles to encourage people to adopt a healthier lifestyle by, for example, stopping smoking, adopting a healthy diet and being more physically active.

Clinical guideline Published October 2007

Vitamin D: supplement use in specific population groups (PH56)

This guideline covers vitamin D supplement use. It aims to prevent vitamin D deficiency among specific population groups including infants and children aged under 4, pregnant and breastfeeding women, particularly teenagers and young women, people over 65, people who have low or no exposure to the sun and people with darker skin.

Clinical guideline Published November 2014 Last updated August 2017

Oral health: local authorities and partners (PH55)

This guideline covers improving oral health by developing and implementing a strategy that meets the needs of people in the local community. It aims to promote and protect people’s oral health by improving their diet and oral hygiene, and by encouraging them to visit the dentist regularly.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Physical activity: exercise referral schemes (PH54)

This guideline covers exercise referral schemes for people aged 19 and older, in particular, those who are inactive or sedentary. The aim is to encourage people to be physically active.

Clinical guideline Published September 2014

Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese adults (PH53)

This guideline covers multi-component lifestyle weight management services including programmes, courses, clubs or groups provided by the public, private and voluntary sector. The aim is to help people lose weight and become more physically active to reduce the risk of diseases associated with obesity. This includes coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and various cancers.

Clinical guideline Published May 2014

Diverticular disease: diagnosis and management (NG147)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of diverticular disease in people aged 18 years and over. It aims to improve diagnosis and care and help people get timely information and advice, including advice about symptoms and when to seek help.

NICE guideline Published November 2019

Thyroid disease: assessment and management (NG145)

This guideline covers investigating all suspected thyroid disease and managing primary thyroid disease (related to the thyroid rather than the pituitary gland). It does not cover managing thyroid cancer or thyroid disease in pregnancy. It aims to improve quality of life by making recommendations on diagnosis, treatment, long-term care and support.

NICE guideline Published November 2019

Urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in women: management (NG123)

This guideline covers assessing and managing urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse in women aged 18 and over. It also covers complications associated with mesh surgery for these conditions.

NICE guideline Published April 2019 Last updated June 2019

Multiple sclerosis in adults: management (CG186)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing multiple sclerosis in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the quality of life for adults with multiple sclerosis by promoting symptom management, comprehensive reviews and effective relapse treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014 Last updated November 2019

Challenging behaviour and learning disabilities: prevention and interventions for people with learning disabilities whose behaviour challenges (NG11)

This guideline covers interventions and support for children, young people and adults with a learning disability and behaviour that challenges. It highlights the importance of understanding the cause of behaviour that challenges, and performing thorough assessments so that steps can be taken to help people change their behaviour and improve their quality of life. The guideline also covers support and intervention for family members or carers.

NICE guideline Published May 2015

Renal replacement therapy and conservative management (NG107)

This guideline covers renal replacement therapy (dialysis and transplantation) and conservative management for people with chronic kidney disease stages 4 and 5. It aims to improve quality of life by making recommendations on planning, starting and switching treatments, and coordinating care.

NICE guideline Published October 2018

Chronic heart failure in adults: diagnosis and management (NG106)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing chronic heart failure in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve diagnosis and treatment to increase the length and quality of life for people with heart failure.

NICE guideline Published September 2018

Cerebral palsy in adults (NG119)

This guideline covers care and support for adults with cerebral palsy. It aims to improve health and wellbeing, promote access to services and support participation and independent living.

NICE guideline Published January 2019

Renal and ureteric stones: assessment and management (NG118)

This guideline covers assessing and managing renal and ureteric stones. It aims to improve the detection, clearance and prevention of stones, so reducing pain and anxiety, and improving quality of life.

NICE guideline Published January 2019

Post-traumatic stress disorder (NG116)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing and treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children, young people and adults. It aims to improve quality of life by reducing symptoms of PTSD such as anxiety, sleep problems and difficulties with concentration. Recommendations also aim to raise awareness of the condition and improve coordination of care.

NICE guideline Published December 2018

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in over 16s: diagnosis and management (NG115)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD (which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis) in people aged 16 and older. It aims to help people with COPD to receive a diagnosis earlier so that they can benefit from treatments to reduce symptoms, improve quality of life and keep them healthy for longer.

NICE guideline Published December 2018 Last updated July 2019

Smoking: harm reduction (PH45)

This guideline covers reducing harm from smoking. It aims to help people, particularly those who are highly dependent on nicotine, who:

Clinical guideline Published June 2013 Last updated July 2013

Physical activity: brief advice for adults in primary care (PH44)

This guideline covers providing brief advice on physical activity to adults in primary care. It aims to improve health and wellbeing by raising awareness of the importance of physical activity and encouraging people to increase or maintain their activity level.

Clinical guideline Published May 2013

Hepatitis B and C testing: people at risk of infection (PH43)

This guideline covers raising awareness of and testing for hepatitis B and C infection. It aims to ensure that people at increased risk of hepatitis B and C infection are tested.

Clinical guideline Published December 2012 Last updated March 2013

Obesity: working with local communities (PH42)

This guideline covers how local communities, with support from local organisations and networks, can help prevent people from becoming overweight or obese or help them lose weight. It aims to support sustainable and community-wide action to achieve this.

Clinical guideline Published November 2012 Last updated June 2017

Physical activity: walking and cycling (PH41)

This guideline covers encouraging people to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes.

Clinical guideline Published November 2012

Social and emotional wellbeing: early years (PH40)

This guideline covers supporting the social and emotional wellbeing of vulnerable children under 5 through home visiting, childcare and early education. It aims to optimise care for young children who need extra support because they have or are at risk of social or emotional problems.

Clinical guideline Published October 2012

Smokeless tobacco: South Asian communities (PH39)

This guideline covers people living in England with ancestral links to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan or Sri Lanka who use traditional South Asian varieties of smokeless tobacco. The aim is to help them stop using tobacco that is placed in the mouth or nose (but not burned). It does not include oral snuff products that are sucked.

Clinical guideline Published September 2012

Type 2 diabetes: prevention in people at high risk (PH38)

This guideline covers how to identify adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. It aims to remind practitioners that age is no barrier to being at high risk of, or developing, the condition. It also aims to help them provide those at high risk with an effective and appropriate intensive lifestyle-change programme to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. The recommendations in this guideline can be used alongside the NHS Health Check programme.

Clinical guideline Published July 2012 Last updated September 2017

Healthcare-associated infections: prevention and control (PH36)

This quality improvement guide was produced by NICE, in partnership with the Health Protection Agency (HPA). Its aim is twofold: to reduce the risk of harm from healthcare-associated infections for patients, staff and visitors; and to reduce the costs associated with preventable infection.

Clinical guideline Published November 2011

Type 2 diabetes prevention: population and community-level interventions (PH35)

This guideline covers preventing type 2 diabetes in adult populations and communities who are at high risk. It aims to promote a healthy diet and physical activity at community and population level, and recommends how to tailor services for people in ethnic communities and other groups who are particularly at risk of type 2 diabetes.

Clinical guideline Published May 2011

Skin cancer prevention (PH32)

This guideline covers new buildings and communal outdoor areas. The aim is to ensure there are enough shady areas to protect people from overexposure to the sun.

Clinical guideline Published January 2011 Last updated February 2016

Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under 15s (PH31)

This guideline covers road speed limits, 20mph zones and engineering measures to reduce speed or make routes safer.

Clinical guideline Published November 2010

Unintentional injuries in the home: interventions for under 15s (PH30)

This guideline covers home safety assessments, supplying and installing safety equipment and providing education and advice. It aims to prevent unintentional injuries among all children and young people aged under 15 but, in particular, those living in disadvantaged circumstances.

Clinical guideline Published November 2010

Sexually transmitted infections and under-18 conceptions: prevention (PH3)

This guideline covers one-to-one interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and under-18 conceptions. The aim is to reduce the transmission of chlamydia and other STIs, including HIV, and reduce the rate of pregnancies among women aged under 18.

Clinical guideline Published February 2007

Unintentional injuries: prevention strategies for under 15s (PH29)

This guideline covers strategies, regulation, enforcement, surveillance and workforce development in relation to preventing unintentional injuries in the home, on the road and during outdoor play and leisure.

Clinical guideline Published November 2010

Looked-after children and young people (PH28)

This guideline covers how organisations, professionals and carers can work together to deliver high quality care, stable placements and nurturing relationships for looked-after children and young people. It aims to help these children and young people reach their full potential and enjoy the same opportunities in life as their peers.

Clinical guideline Published October 2010 Last updated May 2015

Weight management before, during and after pregnancy (PH27)

This guideline covers how to assess and monitor body weight and how to prevent someone from becoming overweight or obese before, during and after pregnancy. The aim is help all women who have a baby to achieve and maintain a healthy weight by adopting a balanced diet and being physically active.

Clinical guideline Published July 2010

Smoking: stopping in pregnancy and after childbirth (PH26)

This guideline covers support to help women stop smoking during pregnancy and in the first year after childbirth. It includes identifying women who need help to quit, referring them to stop smoking services and providing intensive and ongoing support to help them stop. The guideline also advises how to tailor services for women from disadvantaged groups in which smoking rates are high.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010

Rheumatoid arthritis in adults: management (NG100)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing rheumatoid arthritis. It aims to improve quality of life by ensuring that people with rheumatoid arthritis have the right treatment to slow the progression of their condition and control their symptoms. People should also have rapid access to specialist care if their condition suddenly worsens.

NICE guideline Published July 2018

Neuropathic pain in adults: pharmacological management in non-specialist settings (CG173)

This guideline covers managing neuropathic pain (nerve pain) with pharmacological treatments (drugs) in adults in non-specialist settings. It aims to improve quality of life for people with conditions such as neuralgia, shingles and diabetic neuropathy by reducing pain and promoting increased participation in all aspects of daily living. The guideline sets out how drug treatments for neuropathic pain differ from traditional pain management.

Clinical guideline Published November 2013 Last updated July 2019

Urinary tract infection in under 16s: diagnosis and management (CG54)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing first or recurrent upper or lower urinary tract infections in infants, children and young people. It aims to achieve more consistent clinical practice, based on accurate diagnosis and effective management.

Clinical guideline Published August 2007 Last updated October 2018

Familial breast cancer: classification, care and managing breast cancer and related risks in people with a family history of breast cancer (CG164)

This guideline covers care for people with a family history of breast, ovarian or another related (prostate or pancreatic) cancer. It aims to improve the long-term health of these families by describing strategies to reduce the risk of and promote early detection of breast cancer (including genetic testing and mammography). It also includes advice on treatments (tamoxifen, raloxifene) and surgery (mastectomy).

Clinical guideline Published June 2013 Last updated November 2019

Drug misuse prevention: targeted interventions (NG64)

This guideline covers targeted interventions to prevent misuse of drugs, including illegal drugs, ‘legal highs’ and prescription-only medicines. It aims to prevent or delay harmful use of drugs in children, young people and adults who are most likely to start using drugs or who are already experimenting or using drugs occasionally.

NICE guideline Published February 2017

Antimicrobial stewardship: changing risk-related behaviours in the general population (NG63)

This guideline covers making people aware of how to correctly use antimicrobial medicines (including antibiotics) and the dangers associated with their overuse and misuse. It also includes measures to prevent and control infection that can stop people needing antimicrobials or spreading infection to others. It aims to change people’s behaviour to reduce antimicrobial resistance and the spread of resistant microbes.

NICE guideline Published January 2017

HIV testing: increasing uptake among people who may have undiagnosed HIV (NG60)

This guideline covers how to increase the uptake of HIV testing in primary and secondary care, specialist sexual health services and the community. It describes how to plan and deliver services that are tailored to the local prevalence of HIV, promote awareness of HIV testing and increase opportunities to offer testing to people who may have undiagnosed HIV.

NICE guideline Published December 2016

Coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse: community health and social care services (NG58)

This guideline covers how to improve services for people aged 14 and above who have been diagnosed as having coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse. The aim is to provide a range of coordinated services that address people’s wider health and social care needs, as well as other issues such as employment and housing.

NICE guideline Published November 2016

Urinary tract infection (recurrent): antimicrobial prescribing (NG112)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for preventing recurrent urinary tract infections in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Pyelonephritis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG111)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute pyelonephritis (upper urinary tract infection) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Prostatitis (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG110)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute prostatitis. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Urinary tract infection (lower): antimicrobial prescribing (NG109)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for lower urinary tract infection (also called cystitis) in children, young people and adults who do not have a catheter. It aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published October 2018

Decision-making and mental capacity (NG108)

This guideline covers decision-making in people 16 years and over who may lack capacity now or in the future. It aims to help health and social care practitioners support people to make their own decisions where they have the capacity to do so. It also helps practitioners to keep people who lack capacity at the centre of the decision-making process.

NICE guideline Published October 2018

Preventing suicide in community and custodial settings (NG105)

This guideline covers ways to reduce suicide and help people bereaved or affected by suicides. It aims to:

NICE guideline Published September 2018

Stop smoking interventions and services (NG92)

This guideline covers stop smoking interventions and services delivered in primary care and community settings for everyone over the age of 12. It aims to ensure that everyone who smokes is advised and encouraged to stop and given the support they need. It emphasises the importance of targeting vulnerable groups who find smoking cessation hard or who smoke a lot.

NICE guideline Published March 2018

Otitis media (acute): antimicrobial prescribing (NG91)

This guideline sets out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy for acute otitis media (ear infection). It aims to limit antibiotic use and reduce antimicrobial resistance. Acute otitis media can be caused by viruses or bacteria. It lasts for about a week, and most children get better in 3 days without antibiotics. Serious complications are rare.

Antimicrobial prescribing guideline Published March 2018