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Safe staffing for nursing in adult inpatient wards in acute hospitals (SG1)

This guideline covers organisational and managerial approaches to safe nurse staffing of inpatient wards for people aged 18 and over in acute hospitals. It aims to ensure that patients receive the nursing care they need, regardless of the ward to which they are allocated, the time of the day, or the day of the week.

Safe staffing guideline Published July 2014

Safe midwifery staffing for maternity settings (NG4)

This guideline covers safe midwifery staffing in all maternity settings, including at home, in the community, in day assessment units, in obstetric units, and in units led by midwives (both alongside hospitals and free-standing). It aims to improve maternity care by giving advice on monitoring staffing levels and actions to take if there are not enough midwives to meet the needs of women and babies in the service.

NICE guideline Published February 2015

Ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage: diagnosis and initial management (NG126)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage in women with complications, such as pain and bleeding, in early pregnancy (that is, up to 13 completed weeks of pregnancy). It aims to improve how early pregnancy loss is diagnosed, and the support women are given, to limit the psychological impact of their loss.

NICE guideline Published April 2019

Fever in under 5s: assessment and initial management (NG143)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of fever with no obvious cause in children aged under 5. It aims to improve clinical assessment and help healthcare professionals diagnose serious illness among young children who present with fever in primary and secondary care.

NICE guideline Published November 2019

Cannabis-based medicinal products (NG144)

This guideline covers prescribing of cannabis-based medicinal products for people with intractable nausea and vomiting, chronic pain, spasticity and severe treatment-resistant epilepsy.

NICE guideline Published November 2019

Head injury: assessment and early management (CG176)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of head injury in children, young people and adults. It promotes effective clinical assessment so that people receive the right care for the severity of their head injury, including referral directly to specialist care if needed.

Clinical guideline Published January 2014 Last updated September 2019

Multiple sclerosis in adults: management (CG186)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing multiple sclerosis in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the quality of life for adults with multiple sclerosis by promoting symptom management, comprehensive reviews and effective relapse treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014 Last updated November 2019

Pneumonia in adults: diagnosis and management (CG191)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults. It aims to improve accurate assessment and diagnosis of pneumonia to help guide antibiotic prescribing and ensure that people receive the right treatment.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated September 2019

Bronchiolitis in children: diagnosis and management (NG9)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing bronchiolitis in children. It aims to help healthcare professionals diagnose bronchiolitis and identify if children should be cared for at home or in hospital. It describes treatments and interventions that can be used to help with the symptoms of bronchiolitis.

NICE guideline Published June 2015

Type 1 diabetes in adults: diagnosis and management (NG17)

This guideline covers the care and treatment of adults (aged 18 and over) with type 1 diabetes.

NICE guideline Published August 2015 Last updated July 2016

Unstable angina and NSTEMI: early management (CG94)

This guideline covers treatments for people aged 18 and over with unstable angina (recurring chest pain) or a type of heart attack called non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). It aims to ensure that people get treatment quickly. It recommends that as soon as NSTEMI or unstable angina is diagnosed, healthcare professionals assess people for risk of more serious heart problems in the future to guide their treatment.

Clinical guideline Published March 2010 Last updated November 2013

Depression in adults with a chronic physical health problem: recognition and management (CG91)

This guideline covers identifying, treating and managing depression in people aged 18 and over who also have a chronic physical health problem such as cancer, heart disease or diabetes. It aims to improve the care of people with a long-term physical health problem, which can cause or exacerbate depression. This has the potential to increase their quality of life and life expectancy.

Clinical guideline Published October 2009

Child maltreatment: when to suspect maltreatment in under 18s (CG89)

This guideline covers the signs of possible child maltreatment in children and young people aged under 18 years. It aims to raise awareness and help health professionals who are not child protection specialists to identify the features of physical, sexual and emotional abuse, neglect and fabricated or induced illness.

Clinical guideline Published July 2009 Last updated October 2017

Diabetes in pregnancy: management from preconception to the postnatal period (NG3)

This guideline covers managing diabetes and its complications in women who are planning pregnancy or are already pregnant. It aims to improve the diagnosis of gestational diabetes and help women with diabetes to self-manage their blood glucose levels before and during pregnancy.

NICE guideline Published February 2015 Last updated August 2015

Care of dying adults in the last days of life (NG31)

This guideline covers the clinical care of adults (18 years and over) who are dying during the last 2 to 3 days of life. It aims to improve end of life care for people in their last days of life by communicating respectfully and involving them, and the people important to them, in decisions and by maintaining their comfort and dignity. The guideline covers how to manage common symptoms without causing unacceptable side effects and maintain hydration in the last days of life.

NICE guideline Published December 2015

Jaundice in newborn babies under 28 days (CG98)

This guideline covers diagnosing and treating jaundice, which is caused by increased levels of bilirubin in the blood, in newborn babies (neonates). It aims to help detect or prevent very high levels of bilirubin, which can be harmful if not treated.

Clinical guideline Published May 2010 Last updated October 2016

Metastatic spinal cord compression in adults: risk assessment, diagnosis and management (CG75)

This guideline covers detecting and managing metastatic spinal cord compression in adults with cancer that has spread to the spine. It aims to improve quality of life by promoting early detection and management, and reducing spinal cord damage and disability.

Clinical guideline Published November 2008

Borderline personality disorder: recognition and management (CG78)

This guideline covers recognising and managing borderline personality disorder. It aims to help people with borderline personality disorder to manage feelings of distress, anxiety, worthlessness and anger, and to maintain stable and close relationships with others.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009

Advanced breast cancer: diagnosis and treatment (CG81)

This guideline covers care and support for people with advanced (stage 4) breast cancer. It aims to help them and their healthcare professionals make shared decisions about tests and treatments to improve outcomes and quality of life.

Clinical guideline Published February 2009 Last updated August 2017

Diarrhoea and vomiting caused by gastroenteritis in under 5s: diagnosis and management (CG84)

This guideline covers diagnosing, managing and referring infants and young children younger than 5 years who present with acute diarrhoea (lasting up to 14 days) with or without vomiting. It aims to improve the diagnosis and management of infective gastroenteritis and appropriate escalation of care.

Clinical guideline Published April 2009

Donor milk banks: service operation (CG93)

This guideline covers how donor milk banks should recruit, screen and support women who donate breast milk. It also covers how milk banks should handle and process the breast milk they receive from donors. It aims to improve the safety of donor milk and operation of donor milk services.

Clinical guideline Published February 2010

Chest pain of recent onset: assessment and diagnosis (CG95)

This guideline covers assessing and diagnosing recent chest pain in people aged 18 and over and managing symptoms while a diagnosis is being made. It aims to improve outcomes by providing advice on tests (ECG, high-sensitivity troponin tests, multislice CT angiography, functional testing) that support healthcare professionals to make a speedy and accurate diagnosis.

Clinical guideline Published March 2010 Last updated November 2016

Myeloma: diagnosis and management (NG35)

This guideline covers the diagnosing and managing of myeloma (including smouldering myeloma and primary plasma cell leukaemia) in people aged 16 and over. It aims to improve care for people with myeloma by promoting the most effective tests and treatments for myeloma and its complications.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated October 2018

Cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract: assessment and management in people aged 16 and over (NG36)

This guideline covers assessing and managing cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in people aged 16 and over. These are cancers of the airways of the head and neck, including the mouth, throat, larynx (voicebox) and sinuses. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated June 2018

Spinal injury: assessment and initial management (NG41)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of spinal column and spinal cord injury in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It covers traumatic injuries to the spine but does not cover spinal injury caused by a disease.It aims to reduce death and disability by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Fractures (complex): assessment and management (NG37)

This guideline covers assessing and managing pelvic fractures, open fractures and severe ankle fractures (known as pilon fractures and intra-articular distal tibia fractures) in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It aims to reduce deaths and long-term health problems by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated November 2017

Blood transfusion (NG24)

This guideline covers the assessment for and management of blood transfusions in adults, young people and children over 1 year old. It covers the general principles of blood transfusion, but does not make recommendations relating to specific conditions.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Rehabilitation after critical illness in adults (CG83)

This guideline covers rehabilitation strategies for adults who have experienced a critical illness and stayed in critical care. It aims to improve physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes in people who have been discharged from critical care.

Clinical guideline Published March 2009

Medicines adherence: involving patients in decisions about prescribed medicines and supporting adherence (CG76)

This guideline covers medicines adherence in people aged 18 and over. It recommends how to encourage adherence to medicines by supporting and involving people in decisions about their prescribed medicines. It aims to ensure that a person’s decision to use a medicine is an informed choice.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009

Major trauma: service delivery (NG40)

This guideline covers the organisation and provision of major trauma services in pre-hospital and hospital settings, including ambulance services, emergency departments, major trauma centres and trauma units. It aims to reduce deaths and disabilities in people with serious injuries by providing a systematic approach to the delivery of major trauma care. It does not cover services for people with burns.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Medicines optimisation: the safe and effective use of medicines to enable the best possible outcomes (NG5)

This guideline covers safe and effective use of medicines in health and social care for people taking 1 or more medicines. It aims to ensure that medicines provide the greatest possible benefit to people by encouraging medicines reconciliation, medication review, and the use of patient decision aids.

NICE guideline Published March 2015

Constipation in children and young people: diagnosis and management (CG99)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing constipation in children and young people up to 18. It provides strategies to support the early identification and timely, effective treatment of constipation which will help improve outcomes for patients. It does not cover constipation caused by a specific condition.

Clinical guideline Published May 2010 Last updated July 2017

Lower urinary tract symptoms in men: management (CG97)

This guideline covers managing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men over 18. It aims to improve the quality of life for men with LUTS by recommending which assessments they should receive, and when conservative management, drug treatment and surgery can help.

Clinical guideline Published May 2010 Last updated June 2015

Melanoma: assessment and management (NG14)

This guideline covers the assessment and management of melanoma (a type of skin cancer) in children, young people and adults. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published July 2015

Urinary incontinence in neurological disease: assessment and management (CG148)

This guideline covers assessing and managing urinary incontinence in children, young people and adults with neurological disease. It aims to improve care by recommending specific treatments based on what symptoms and neurological conditions people have.

Clinical guideline Published August 2012

Chronic kidney disease (stage 4 or 5): management of hyperphosphataemia (CG157)

This guideline covers managing hyperphosphataemia in children, young people and adults with stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease. It makes recommendations on dietary management and phosphate binders, to reduce variation in care and the risk of hyperparathyroidism for people with chronic kidney disease.

Clinical guideline Published March 2013

Myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation: acute management (CG167)

This guideline covers care and treatment of people aged 18 and over with a type of heart attack known as spontaneous onset of myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation (STEMI). It aims to ensure that adults with STEMI are assessed and treated as soon as possible to minimise the damage to their heart. It also aims to help commissioners and healthcare professionals configure services so that people with STEMI can have the best outcomes.

Clinical guideline Published July 2013

Varicose veins: diagnosis and management (CG168)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing varicose veins in people aged 18 and over. It aims to ensure that people understand the options for treating varicose veins and that healthcare professionals know when to refer people for specialist assessment and treatment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2013

Acute kidney injury: prevention, detection and management (CG169)

This guideline covers preventing, detecting, and managing acute kidney injury in children (aged above 1 month and below 12 years), young people (aged 12 to 17 years) and adults (aged 18 years or older). It aims to improve assessment and detection by non-specialist clinicians, and specifies when they should refer people to specialist services. This will reduce the chance of death or complications for people at risk of acute kidney injury.

Clinical guideline Published August 2013

Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: support and management (CG170)

This guideline covers children and young people with autism spectrum disorder (across the full range of intellectual ability) from birth until their 19th birthday. It covers the different ways that health and social care professionals can provide support, treatment and help for children and young people with autism, and their families and carers, from the early years through to their transition into young adult life.

Clinical guideline Published August 2013

Myocardial infarction: cardiac rehabilitation and prevention of further cardiovascular disease (CG172)

This guideline covers cardiac rehabilitation and preventing further cardiovascular disease in people aged 18 and over who have had a myocardial infarction. It aims to promote the health of people who have had an MI by encouraging them to attend a cardiac rehabilitation programme and advising them on a healthy lifestyle. It also includes advice on drug therapy.

Clinical guideline Published November 2013

Otitis media with effusion in under 12s: surgery (CG60)

This guideline covers surgical treatment of children younger than 12 years who have fluid buildup behind their eardrum (otitis media, also known as ‘glue ear’). It aims to improve hearing and quality of life in children with otitis media.

Clinical guideline Published February 2008

Drug misuse in over 16s: psychosocial interventions (CG51)

This guideline covers using psychosocial interventions to treat adults and young people over 16 who have a problem with or are dependent on opioids, stimulants or cannabis. It aims to reduce illicit drug use and improve people’s physical and mental health, relationships and employment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Respiratory tract infections (self-limiting): prescribing antibiotics (CG69)

This guideline covers prescribing antibiotics in primary care to children (aged 3 months and older), young people and adults with self-limiting respiratory tract infections (RTIs). It provides practical strategies for prescribing, including identifying when immediate antibiotics are needed and when to offer a delayed prescription or reassurance alone. It covers identifying who is at risk of serious illness but not investigations or further care for people needing immediate antibiotics.

Clinical guideline Published July 2008

Pressure ulcers: prevention and management (CG179)

This guideline covers risk assessment, prevention and treatment in children, young people and adults at risk of, or who have, a pressure ulcer (also known as a bedsore or pressure sore). It aims to reduce the number of pressure ulcers in people admitted to secondary or tertiary care or receiving NHS care in other settings, such as primary and community care and emergency departments.

Clinical guideline Published April 2014

Dental checks: intervals between oral health reviews (CG19)

This guideline covers assigning recall intervals between oral health reviews that are appropriate to the needs of individual patients. The guideline takes account of the effect of dental checks on: people’s wellbeing, general health and preventive habits; caries incidence and avoiding restorations; periodontal health and avoiding tooth loss; and avoiding pain and anxiety. It aims to improve or maintain patients’ quality of life and reduce morbidity associated with oral and dental disease.

Clinical guideline Published October 2004

Obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder: treatment (CG31)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing, diagnosing and treating obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in adults, young people and children (aged 8 years and older). It aims to improve the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder. It includes recommendations on how families and carers may be able to support people with either of these conditions, and how they can get support for themselves.

Clinical guideline Published November 2005

Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in over 16s: management (CG141)

This guideline covers how upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be effectively managed in adults and young people aged 16 years and older. It aims to identify which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are useful so hospitals can develop a structure in which clinical teams can deliver an optimum service for people who develop this condition.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated August 2016

Palliative care for adults: strong opioids for pain relief (CG140)

This guideline covers safe and effective prescribing of strong opioids for pain relief in adults with advanced and progressive disease. It aims to clarify the clinical pathway for prescribing and help to improve pain management and patient safety. Care during the last 2 to 3 days of life is covered by care of dying adults in the last days of life.

Clinical guideline Published May 2012 Last updated August 2016

Osteoporosis: assessing the risk of fragility fracture (CG146)

This guideline covers assessing the risk of fragility fracture in people aged 18 and over with osteoporosis. It aims to provide guidance on the selection and use of risk assessment tools in the care of adults at risk of fragility fractures in all NHS settings.

Clinical guideline Published August 2012 Last updated February 2017