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Obesity: working with local communities (PH42)

This guideline covers how local communities, with support from local organisations and networks, can help prevent people from becoming overweight or obese or help them lose weight. It aims to support sustainable and community-wide action to achieve this.

Public health guideline Published November 2012 Last updated June 2017

Hepatitis B and C testing: people at risk of infection (PH43)

This guideline covers raising awareness of and testing for hepatitis B and C infection. It aims to ensure that people at increased risk of hepatitis B and C infection are tested.

Public health guideline Published December 2012 Last updated March 2013

Type 2 diabetes prevention: population and community-level interventions (PH35)

This guideline covers preventing type 2 diabetes in adult populations and communities who are at high risk. It aims to promote a healthy diet and physical activity at community and population level, and recommends how to tailor services for people in ethnic communities and other groups who are particularly at risk of type 2 diabetes.

Public health guideline Published May 2011

Healthcare-associated infections: prevention and control (PH36)

This quality improvement guide was produced by NICE, in partnership with the Health Protection Agency (HPA). Its aim is twofold: to reduce the risk of harm from healthcare-associated infections for patients, staff and visitors; and to reduce the costs associated with preventable infection.

Public health guideline Published November 2011

Type 2 diabetes: prevention in people at high risk (PH38)

This guideline covers how to identify adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. It aims to remind practitioners that age is no barrier to being at high risk of, or developing, the condition. It also aims to help them provide those at high risk with an effective and appropriate intensive lifestyle-change programme to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. The recommendations in this guideline can be used alongside the NHS Health Check programme .

Public health guideline Published July 2012 Last updated September 2017

Smokeless tobacco: South Asian communities (PH39)

This guideline covers people living in England with ancestral links to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan or Sri Lanka who use traditional South Asian varieties of smokeless tobacco. The aim is to help them stop using tobacco that is placed in the mouth or nose (but not burned). It does not include oral snuff products that are sucked.

Public health guideline Published September 2012

Social and emotional wellbeing: early years (PH40)

This guideline covers supporting the social and emotional wellbeing of vulnerable children under 5 through home visiting, childcare and early education. It aims to optimise care for young children who need extra support because they have or are at risk of social or emotional problems.

Public health guideline Published October 2012

Physical activity: walking and cycling (PH41)

This guideline covers encouraging people to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes.

Public health guideline Published November 2012

Physical activity: brief advice for adults in primary care (PH44)

This guideline covers providing brief advice on physical activity to adults in primary care. It aims to improve health and wellbeing by raising awareness of the importance of physical activity and encouraging people to increase or maintain their activity level.

Public health guideline Published May 2013

Smoking: harm reduction (PH45)

This guideline covers reducing harm from smoking. It aims to help people, particularly those who are highly dependent on nicotine, who:

Public health guideline Published June 2013 Last updated July 2013

Unintentional injuries: prevention strategies for under 15s (PH29)

This guideline covers strategies, regulation, enforcement, surveillance and workforce development in relation to preventing unintentional injuries in the home, on the road and during outdoor play and leisure.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Sexually transmitted infections and under-18 conceptions: prevention (PH3)

This guideline covers one-to-one interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and under-18 conceptions. The aim is to reduce the transmission of chlamydia and other STIs, including HIV, and reduce the rate of pregnancies among women aged under 18.

Public health guideline Published February 2007

Unintentional injuries in the home: interventions for under 15s (PH30)

This guideline covers home safety assessments, supplying and installing safety equipment and providing education and advice. It aims to prevent unintentional injuries among all children and young people aged under 15 but, in particular, those living in disadvantaged circumstances.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under 15s (PH31)

This guideline covers road speed limits, 20mph zones and engineering measures to reduce speed or make routes safer.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Skin cancer prevention (PH32)

This guideline covers new buildings and communal outdoor areas. The aim is to ensure there are enough shady areas to protect people from overexposure to the sun.

Public health guideline Published January 2011 Last updated February 2016

Looked-after children and young people (PH28)

This guideline covers how organisations, professionals and carers can work together to deliver high quality care, stable placements and nurturing relationships for looked-after children and young people. It aims to help these children and young people reach their full potential and enjoy the same opportunities in life as their peers.

Public health guideline Published October 2010 Last updated May 2015

Cardiovascular disease prevention (PH25)

This guideline covers the main risk factors linked with cardiovascular disease: poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. It aims to reduce the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. This, in turn, will help prevent other major causes of death and illness, such as type 2 diabetes and many cancers.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Smoking: stopping in pregnancy and after childbirth (PH26)

This guideline covers support to help women stop smoking during pregnancy and in the first year after childbirth. It includes identifying women who need help to quit, referring them to stop smoking services and providing intensive and ongoing support to help them stop. The guideline also advises how to tailor services for women from disadvantaged groups in which smoking rates are high.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Physical activity in the workplace (PH13)

This guideline covers how to encourage employees to be physically active. The aim is to increase the working population’s physical activity levels.

Public health guideline Published May 2008

Smoking: preventing uptake in children and young people (PH14)

This guideline covers anti-smoking mass-media campaigns, for example, on TV, in newspapers and online. It also covers measures to prevent tobacco being sold to children and young people. The aim is to help prevent children and young people from taking up smoking.

Public health guideline Published July 2008 Last updated November 2014

Cardiovascular disease: identifying and supporting people most at risk of dying early (PH15)

This guideline covers the risk of early death from heart disease and other smoking-related illnesses. It aims to reduce the number of people who are disadvantaged dying prematurely by ensuring people have better access to flexible, well-coordinated treatment and support.

Public health guideline Published September 2008

Physical activity for children and young people (PH17)

This guideline covers promoting physical activity for children and young people aged under 18 at home, preschool, school and in the community. It includes raising awareness of the benefits of physical activity, listening to what children and young people want, planning and providing spaces and facilities, and helping families build physical activity into their daily lives.

Public health guideline Published January 2009

Social and emotional wellbeing in secondary education (PH20)

This guideline covers interventions to support social and emotional wellbeing among young people aged 11–19 years who are in full-time education. It aims to promote good social, emotional and psychological health to protect young people against behavioural and health problems.

Public health guideline Published September 2009

Social and emotional wellbeing in primary education (PH12)

This guideline covers approaches to promoting social and emotional wellbeing in children aged 4 to 11 years in primary education. It includes planning and delivering programmes and activities to help children develop social and emotional skills and wellbeing. It also covers identifying signs of anxiety or social and emotional problems in children and how to address them.

Public health guideline Published March 2008

Alcohol-use disorders: prevention (PH24)

This guideline covers alcohol problems among people over 10. It aims to prevent and identify such problems as early as possible using a mix of policy and practice.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Mental wellbeing at work (PH22)

This guideline covers how to create the right conditions to support mental wellbeing at work. The aim is to promote a culture of participation, equality and fairness in the workplace based on open communication and flexible working.

Public health guideline Published November 2009

Smoking prevention in schools (PH23)

This guideline covers smoking prevention interventions that are delivered in schools or other educational institutions. It aims to prevent children and young people aged under 19 from taking up smoking.

Public health guideline Published February 2010

Weight management before, during and after pregnancy (PH27)

This guideline covers how to assess and monitor body weight and how to prevent someone from becoming overweight or obese before, during and after pregnancy. The aim is help all women who have a baby to achieve and maintain a healthy weight by adopting a balanced diet and being physically active.

Public health guideline Published July 2010

Immunisations: reducing differences in uptake in under 19s (PH21)

This guideline covers increasing immunisation uptake among children and young people aged under 19 years in groups and settings where immunisation coverage is low. It aims to improve access to immunisation services and increase timely immunisation of children and young people. It also aims to ensure babies born to mothers infected with hepatitis B are immunised.

Public health guideline Published September 2009 Last updated September 2017

Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions (PH16)

This guideline covers promoting mental wellbeing in people aged over 65. It focuses on practical support for everyday activities, based on occupational therapy principles and methods. This includes working with older people and their carers to agree what kind of support they need.

Public health guideline Published October 2008

Long-acting reversible contraception (CG30)

This guideline covers long-acting reversible contraception. It aims to increase the use of long-action reversible contraception by improving the information given to women about their contraceptive choices.

Clinical guideline Published October 2005 Last updated July 2019

Obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder: treatment (CG31)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing, diagnosing and treating obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in adults, young people and children (aged 8 years and older). It aims to improve the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder. It includes recommendations on how families and carers may be able to support people with either of these conditions, and how they can get support for themselves.

Clinical guideline Published November 2005

Chronic kidney disease in adults: assessment and management (CG182)

This guideline covers the care and treatment of people with, or at risk of developing, chronic kidney disease. It aims to prevent or delay the progression of chronic kidney disease, reduce or prevent the development of complications, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Clinical guideline Published July 2014 Last updated January 2015

Drug allergy: diagnosis and management (CG183)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing drug allergy in all age groups. It aims to make it easier for professionals to tell when someone is having an allergic reaction, by specifying the key signs and patterns to look out for. It also makes recommendations on improving people’s understanding of their drug allergies, and ensuring these are recorded properly in their medical records.

Clinical guideline Published September 2014

Head injury: assessment and early management (CG176)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of head injury in children, young people and adults. It promotes effective clinical assessment so that people receive the right care for the severity of their head injury, including referral directly to specialist care if needed.

Clinical guideline Published January 2014 Last updated September 2019

Osteoarthritis: care and management (CG177)

This guideline covers assessing and managing osteoarthritis in adults. It covers both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. It promotes effective treatment options to control joint pain and improve function in people with osteoarthritis.

Clinical guideline Published February 2014

Antenatal and postnatal mental health: clinical management and service guidance (CG192)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing and treating mental health problems in women who are planning to have a baby, are pregnant, or have had a baby or been pregnant in the past year. It covers depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, drug- and alcohol-use disorders and severe mental illness (such as psychosis, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia). It promotes early detection and good management of mental health problems to improve women’s quality of life during pregnancy and in the year after giving birth.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated February 2020

Multiple sclerosis in adults: management (CG186)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing multiple sclerosis in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the quality of life for adults with multiple sclerosis by promoting symptom management, comprehensive reviews and effective relapse treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014 Last updated November 2019

Acute heart failure: diagnosis and management (CG187)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing acute heart failure or possible acute heart failure in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve the immediate care of someone who is acutely unwell as a result of heart failure.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Gallstone disease: diagnosis and management (CG188)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing gallstone disease in adults. It aims to reduce variation in care by promoting the most effective treatments, and to improve the advice given to people with gallstone disease before and after treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Obesity: identification, assessment and management (CG189)

This guideline covers identifying, assessing and managing obesity in children (aged 2 years and over), young people and adults. It aims to improve the use of bariatric surgery and very-low-calorie diets to help people who are obese to reduce their weight.

Clinical guideline Published November 2014

Dental checks: intervals between oral health reviews (CG19)

This guideline covers assigning recall intervals between oral health reviews that are appropriate to the needs of individual patients. The guideline takes account of the effect of dental checks on: people’s wellbeing, general health and preventive habits; caries incidence and avoiding restorations; periodontal health and avoiding tooth loss; and avoiding pain and anxiety. It aims to improve or maintain patients’ quality of life and reduce morbidity associated with oral and dental disease.

Clinical guideline Published October 2004

Antenatal care for uncomplicated pregnancies (CG62)

This guideline covers the care that healthy women and their babies should be offered during pregnancy. It aims to ensure that pregnant women are offered regular check-ups, information and support.

Clinical guideline Published March 2008 Last updated February 2019

Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis: antimicrobial prophylaxis against infective endocarditis in adults and children undergoing interventional procedures (CG64)

This guideline covers preventing infective endocarditis (IE) in children, young people and adults. It focuses on people at increased risk of infective endocarditis undergoing dental, gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary and respiratory tract procedures.

Clinical guideline Published March 2008 Last updated July 2016

Neuropathic pain in adults: pharmacological management in non-specialist settings (CG173)

This guideline covers managing neuropathic pain (nerve pain) with pharmacological treatments (drugs) in adults in non-specialist settings. It aims to improve quality of life for people with conditions such as neuralgia, shingles and diabetic neuropathy by reducing pain and promoting increased participation in all aspects of daily living. The guideline sets out how drug treatments for neuropathic pain differ from traditional pain management.

Clinical guideline Published November 2013 Last updated July 2019

Intravenous fluid therapy in adults in hospital (CG174)

This guideline covers the general principles for managing intravenous (IV) fluid therapy in hospital inpatients aged 16 and over with a range of conditions. It aims to help prescribers understand the optimal amount and composition of IV fluids to be administered and the best rate at which to give them, to improve fluid prescribing and outcomes among people in hospital. It does not cover pregnant women, and those with severe liver or renal disease, diabetes or burns.

Clinical guideline Published December 2013 Last updated May 2017

Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification (CG181)

This guideline covers the assessment and care of adults who are at risk of or who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as heart disease and stroke. It aims to help healthcare professionals identify people who are at risk of cardiovascular problems including people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. It describes the lifestyle changes people can make and how statins can be used to reduce their risk.

Clinical guideline Published July 2014 Last updated September 2016

Obesity prevention (CG43)

This guideline covers preventing children, young people and adults becoming overweight or obese. It outlines how the NHS, local authorities, early years’ settings, schools and workplaces can increase physical activity levels and make dietary improvements among their target populations.

Clinical guideline Published December 2006 Last updated March 2015

Medicines adherence: involving patients in decisions about prescribed medicines and supporting adherence (CG76)

This guideline covers medicines adherence in people aged 18 and over. It recommends how to encourage adherence to medicines by supporting and involving people in decisions about their prescribed medicines. It aims to ensure that a person’s decision to use a medicine is an informed choice.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009

Antisocial personality disorder: prevention and management (CG77)

This guideline covers principles for working with people with antisocial personality disorder, including dealing with crises (crisis resolution). It aims to help people with antisocial personality disorder manage feelings of anger, distress, anxiety and depression, and to reduce offending and antisocial behaviour.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009 Last updated March 2013