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Inducing labour (CG70)

This guideline covers circumstances, methods and monitoring for inducing labour in pregnant women to avoid a pregnancy lasting longer than 42 weeks (known as a prolonged pregnancy) or if a woman’s waters break but labour does not start. It aims to improve the advice and care provided to women considering and undergoing induction of labour in hospital-based maternity units, midwifery led units and at home .

Clinical guideline Published July 2008

Respiratory tract infections (self-limiting): prescribing antibiotics (CG69)

This guideline covers prescribing antibiotics in primary care to children (aged 3 months and older), young people and adults with self-limiting respiratory tract infections (RTIs). It provides practical strategies for prescribing, including identifying when immediate antibiotics are needed and when to offer a delayed prescription or reassurance alone. It covers identifying who is at risk of serious illness but not investigations or further care for people needing immediate antibiotics.

Clinical guideline Published July 2008

Hypothermia: prevention and management in adults having surgery (CG65)

This guideline covers preventing and managing inadvertent hypothermia in people aged 18 and over having surgery. It offers advice on assessing patients’ risk of hypothermia, measuring and monitoring temperature, and devices for keeping patients warm before, during and after surgery.

Clinical guideline Published April 2008 Last updated December 2016

Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis: antimicrobial prophylaxis against infective endocarditis in adults and children undergoing interventional procedures (CG64)

This guideline covers preventing infective endocarditis (IE) in children, young people and adults. It focuses on people at increased risk of infective endocarditis undergoing dental, gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary and respiratory tract procedures.

Clinical guideline Published March 2008 Last updated July 2016

Antenatal care for uncomplicated pregnancies (CG62)

This guideline covers the care that healthy women and their babies should be offered during pregnancy. It aims to ensure that pregnant women are offered regular check-ups, information and support.

Clinical guideline Published March 2008 Last updated February 2019

Irritable bowel syndrome in adults: diagnosis and management (CG61)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in people aged 18 and over. It details how to accurately diagnose IBS, and aims to improve the quality of life for adults with IBS by promoting effective management using dietary and lifestyle advice, pharmacological therapy and referral for psychological interventions.

Clinical guideline Published February 2008 Last updated April 2017

Child maltreatment: when to suspect maltreatment in under 18s (CG89)

This guideline covers the signs of possible child maltreatment in children and young people aged under 18 years. It aims to raise awareness and help health professionals who are not child protection specialists to identify the features of physical, sexual and emotional abuse, neglect and fabricated or induced illness.

Clinical guideline Published July 2009 Last updated October 2017

Diarrhoea and vomiting caused by gastroenteritis in under 5s: diagnosis and management (CG84)

This guideline covers diagnosing, managing and referring infants and young children younger than 5 years who present with acute diarrhoea (lasting up to 14 days) with or without vomiting. It aims to improve the diagnosis and management of infective gastroenteritis and appropriate escalation of care.

Clinical guideline Published April 2009

Rehabilitation after critical illness in adults (CG83)

This guideline covers rehabilitation strategies for adults who have experienced a critical illness and stayed in critical care. It aims to improve physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes in people who have been discharged from critical care.

Clinical guideline Published March 2009

Advanced breast cancer: diagnosis and treatment (CG81)

This guideline covers care and support for people with advanced (stage 4) breast cancer. It aims to help them and their healthcare professionals make shared decisions about tests and treatments to improve outcomes and quality of life.

Clinical guideline Published February 2009 Last updated August 2017

Borderline personality disorder: recognition and management (CG78)

This guideline covers recognising and managing borderline personality disorder. It aims to help people with borderline personality disorder to manage feelings of distress, anxiety, worthlessness and anger, and to maintain stable and close relationships with others.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009

Antisocial personality disorder: prevention and management (CG77)

This guideline covers principles for working with people with antisocial personality disorder, including dealing with crises (crisis resolution). It aims to help people with antisocial personality disorder manage feelings of anger, distress, anxiety and depression, and to reduce offending and antisocial behaviour.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009 Last updated March 2013

Medicines adherence: involving patients in decisions about prescribed medicines and supporting adherence (CG76)

This guideline covers medicines adherence in people aged 18 and over. It recommends how to encourage adherence to medicines by supporting and involving people in decisions about their prescribed medicines. It aims to ensure that a person’s decision to use a medicine is an informed choice.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009

Faecal incontinence in adults: management (CG49)

This guideline covers assessing and managing faecal incontinence (any involuntary loss of faeces that is a social or hygienic problem) in people aged 18 and over. It aims to ensure that staff are aware that faecal incontinence is a sign or a symptom, not a diagnosis.

Clinical guideline Published June 2007

Obesity prevention (CG43)

This guideline covers preventing children, young people and adults becoming overweight or obese. It outlines how the NHS, local authorities, early years’ settings, schools and workplaces can increase physical activity levels and make dietary improvements among their target populations.

Clinical guideline Published December 2006 Last updated March 2015

Postnatal care up to 8 weeks after birth (CG37)

This guideline covers the routine postnatal care women and their babies should receive for 6–8 weeks after the birth. It includes advice given on breastfeeding, and the management of common and serious health problems in women and their babies after the birth.

Clinical guideline Published July 2006 Last updated February 2015

Otitis media with effusion in under 12s: surgery (CG60)

This guideline covers surgical treatment of children younger than 12 years who have fluid buildup behind their eardrum (otitis media, also known as ‘glue ear’). It aims to improve hearing and quality of life in children with otitis media.

Clinical guideline Published February 2008

Atopic eczema in under 12s: diagnosis and management (CG57)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing atopic eczema in children under 12. It aims to improve care for children with atopic eczema by making detailed recommendations on treatment and specialist referral. The guideline also explains how healthcare professionals should assess the effect eczema has on quality of life, in addition to its physical severity.

Clinical guideline Published December 2007

Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (or encephalopathy): diagnosis and management (CG53)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) which is also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) (or encephalopathy). It aims to improve the quality of life for people with CFS/ME by setting out the care and treatment options that should be available for them.

Clinical guideline Published August 2007

Drug misuse in over 16s: opioid detoxification (CG52)

This guideline covers helping adults and young people over 16 who are dependent on opioids to stop using drugs. It aims to reduce illicit drug use and improve people’s physical and mental health, relationships and employment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Drug misuse in over 16s: psychosocial interventions (CG51)

This guideline covers using psychosocial interventions to treat adults and young people over 16 who have a problem with or are dependent on opioids, stimulants or cannabis. It aims to reduce illicit drug use and improve people’s physical and mental health, relationships and employment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Acutely ill adults in hospital: recognising and responding to deterioration (CG50)

This guideline covers how patients in hospital should be monitored to identify those whose health may become worse suddenly and the care they should receive. It aims to reduce the risk of patients needing to stay longer in hospital, not recovering fully or dying. It doesn’t specifically cover the care of children, patients in critical care areas or those in the final stages of a terminal illness.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Constipation in children and young people: diagnosis and management (CG99)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing constipation in children and young people up to 18. It provides strategies to support the early identification and timely, effective treatment of constipation which will help improve outcomes for patients. It does not cover constipation caused by a specific condition.

Clinical guideline Published May 2010 Last updated July 2017

Harmful sexual behaviour among children and young people (NG55)

This guideline covers children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour, including those on remand or serving community or custodial sentences. It aims to ensure these problems don’t escalate and possibly lead to them being charged with a sexual offence. It also aims to ensure no-one is unnecessarily referred to specialist services.

NICE guideline Published September 2016

Mental health problems in people with learning disabilities: prevention, assessment and management (NG54)

This guideline covers preventing, assessing and managing mental health problems in people with learning disabilities in all settings (including health, social care, education, and forensic and criminal justice). It aims to improve assessment and support for mental health conditions, and help people with learning disabilities and their families and carers to be involved in their care.

NICE guideline Published September 2016

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: diagnosis and management (NG52)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in people aged 16 years and over. It aims to improve care for people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma by promoting the best tests for diagnosis and staging and the most effective treatments for 6 of the subtypes. Tests and treatments covered include excision biopsy, radiotherapy, immunochemotherapy and stem cell transplantation.

NICE guideline Published July 2016

Sepsis: recognition, diagnosis and early management (NG51)

This guideline covers the recognition, diagnosis and early management of sepsis for all populations. The guideline committee identified that the key issues to be included were: recognition and early assessment, diagnostic and prognostic value of blood markers for sepsis, initial treatment, escalating care, identifying the source of infection, early monitoring, information and support for patients and carers, and training and education.

NICE guideline Published July 2016 Last updated September 2017

Cirrhosis in over 16s: assessment and management (NG50)

This guideline covers assessing and managing suspected or confirmed cirrhosis in people who are 16 years or older. It aims to improve how cirrhosis is identified and diagnosed. It recommends tools to assess the severity of cirrhosis and gives advice on monitoring people with cirrhosis to detect and manage complications early, and referral criteria for tertiary care.

NICE guideline Published July 2016

Spondyloarthritis in over 16s: diagnosis and management (NG65)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing spondyloarthritis that is suspected or confirmed in adults who are 16 years or older. It aims to raise awareness of the features of spondyloarthritis and provide clear advice on what action to take when people with signs and symptoms first present in healthcare settings. It also provides advice on the range of treatments available.

NICE guideline Published February 2017 Last updated June 2017

Cerebral palsy in under 25s: assessment and management (NG62)

This guideline covers diagnosing, assessing and managing cerebral palsy in children and young people from birth up to their 25th birthday. It aims to make sure they get the care and treatment they need for the developmental and clinical comorbidities associated with cerebral palsy, so that they can be as active and independent as possible.

NICE guideline Published January 2017

End of life care for infants, children and young people with life-limiting conditions: planning and management (NG61)

This guideline covers the planning and management of end of life and palliative care in for infants, children and young people (aged 0–17 years) with life-limiting conditions. It aims to involve children, young people and their families in decisions about their care, and improve the support that is available to them throughout their lives.

NICE guideline Published December 2016 Last updated July 2019

Motor neurone disease: assessment and management (NG42)

This guideline covers assessing and managing motor neurone disease (MND). It aims to improve care from the time of diagnosis, and covers information and support, organisation of care, managing symptoms and preparing for end of life care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated July 2019

Spinal injury: assessment and initial management (NG41)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of spinal column and spinal cord injury in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It covers traumatic injuries to the spine but does not cover spinal injury caused by a disease.It aims to reduce death and disability by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Major trauma: service delivery (NG40)

This guideline covers the organisation and provision of major trauma services in pre-hospital and hospital settings, including ambulance services, emergency departments, major trauma centres and trauma units. It aims to reduce deaths and disabilities in people with serious injuries by providing a systematic approach to the delivery of major trauma care. It does not cover services for people with burns.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Fractures (non-complex): assessment and management (NG38)

This guideline covers assessing and managing non-complex fractures that can be treated in the emergency department or orthopaedic clinic. It aims to improve practice so that people with fractures receive the care that they need without unnecessary tests and treatments.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Fractures (complex): assessment and management (NG37)

This guideline covers assessing and managing pelvic fractures, open fractures and severe ankle fractures (known as pilon fractures and intra-articular distal tibia fractures) in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It aims to reduce deaths and long-term health problems by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated November 2017

Cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract: assessment and management in people aged 16 and over (NG36)

This guideline covers assessing and managing cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in people aged 16 and over. These are cancers of the airways of the head and neck, including the mouth, throat, larynx (voicebox) and sinuses. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated June 2018

Myeloma: diagnosis and management (NG35)

This guideline covers the diagnosing and managing of myeloma (including smouldering myeloma and primary plasma cell leukaemia) in people aged 16 and over. It aims to improve care for people with myeloma by promoting the most effective tests and treatments for myeloma and its complications.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated October 2018

Bronchiolitis in children: diagnosis and management (NG9)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing bronchiolitis in children. It aims to help healthcare professionals diagnose bronchiolitis and identify if children should be cared for at home or in hospital. It describes treatments and interventions that can be used to help with the symptoms of bronchiolitis.

NICE guideline Published June 2015

Venous thromboembolism in over 16s: reducing the risk of hospital-acquired deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (NG89)

This guideline covers assessing and reducing the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE or blood clots) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in people aged 16 and over in hospital. It aims to help healthcare professionals identify people most at risk and describes interventions that can be used to reduce the risk of VTE.

NICE guideline Published March 2018 Last updated August 2019

Heavy menstrual bleeding: assessment and management (NG88)

This guideline covers assessing and managing heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia). It aims to help healthcare professionals investigate the cause of heavy periods that are affecting a woman’s quality of life and to offer the right treatments, taking into account the woman’s priorities and preferences.

NICE guideline Published March 2018 Last updated November 2018

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: diagnosis and management (NG87)

This guideline covers recognising, diagnosing and managing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, young people and adults. It aims to improve recognition and diagnosis, as well as the quality of care and support for people with ADHD.

NICE guideline Published March 2018 Last updated September 2019

Medicines optimisation: the safe and effective use of medicines to enable the best possible outcomes (NG5)

This guideline covers safe and effective use of medicines in health and social care for people taking 1 or more medicines. It aims to ensure that medicines provide the greatest possible benefit to people by encouraging medicines reconciliation, medication review, and the use of patient decision aids.

NICE guideline Published March 2015

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): assessment and management (NG49)

This guideline covers how to identify the adults, young people and children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who have advanced liver fibrosis and are most at risk of further complications. It outlines the lifestyle changes and pharmacological treatments that can manage NAFLD and advanced liver fibrosis.

NICE guideline Published July 2016

Oral health for adults in care homes (NG48)

This guideline covers oral health, including dental health and daily mouth care, for adults in care homes. The aim is to maintain and improve their oral health and ensure timely access to dental treatment.

NICE guideline Published July 2016

Haematological cancers: improving outcomes (NG47)

This guideline covers integrated diagnostic reporting for diagnosing haematological cancer in adults, young people and children. It also covers staffing, facilities (levels of care) and multidisciplinary teams needed for adults and young people. It aims to improve care for people with suspected or diagnosed cancer by promoting best practice on the organisation of haematological cancer services.

NICE guideline Published May 2016

Controlled drugs: safe use and management (NG46)

This guideline covers systems and processes for using and managing controlled drugs safely in all NHS settings except care homes. It aims to improve working practices to comply with legislation and have robust governance arrangements. It also aims to reduce the safety risks associated with controlled drugs.

NICE guideline Published April 2016

Routine preoperative tests for elective surgery (NG45)

This guideline covers routine preoperative tests for people aged over 16 who are having elective surgery. It aims to reduce unnecessary testing by advising which tests to offer people before minor, intermediate and major or complex surgery, taking into account specific comorbidities (cardiovascular, renal and respiratory conditions and diabetes and obesity). It does not cover pregnant women or people having cardiothoracic procedures or neurosurgery.

NICE guideline Published April 2016

Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities (NG44)

This guideline covers community engagement approaches to reduce health inequalities, ensure health and wellbeing initiatives are effective and help local authorities and health bodies meet their statutory obligations.

NICE guideline Published March 2016

Preventing excess weight gain (NG7)

This guideline covers behaviours such as diet and physical activity to help children (after weaning), young people and adults maintain a healthy weight or help prevent excess weight gain. The aim is to prevent a range of diseases and conditions including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes and improve mental wellbeing.

NICE guideline Published March 2015