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Inducing labour (CG70)

This guideline covers circumstances, methods and monitoring for inducing labour in pregnant women to avoid a pregnancy lasting longer than 42 weeks (known as a prolonged pregnancy) or if a woman’s waters break but labour does not start. It aims to improve the advice and care provided to women considering and undergoing induction of labour in hospital-based maternity units, midwifery led units and at home .

Clinical guideline Published July 2008

Respiratory tract infections (self-limiting): prescribing antibiotics (CG69)

This guideline covers prescribing antibiotics in primary care to children (aged 3 months and older), young people and adults with self-limiting respiratory tract infections (RTIs). It provides practical strategies for prescribing, including identifying when immediate antibiotics are needed and when to offer a delayed prescription or reassurance alone. It covers identifying who is at risk of serious illness but not investigations or further care for people needing immediate antibiotics.

Clinical guideline Published July 2008

Hypothermia: prevention and management in adults having surgery (CG65)

This guideline covers preventing and managing inadvertent hypothermia in people aged 18 and over having surgery. It offers advice on assessing patients’ risk of hypothermia, measuring and monitoring temperature, and devices for keeping patients warm before, during and after surgery.

Clinical guideline Published April 2008 Last updated December 2016

Anaphylaxis: assessment and referral after emergency treatment (CG134)

This guideline covers assessment and referral for anaphylaxis. It aims to improve the quality of care for people with suspected anaphylaxis by detailing the assessments that are needed and recommending referral to specialist allergy services.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011

Self-harm in over 8s: long-term management (CG133)

This guideline covers the longer-term psychological treatment and management of self-harm in people aged 8 and over. It aims to improve the quality of care and support for people who self harm and covers both single and recurrent episodes of self-harm.

Clinical guideline Published November 2011

Caesarean section (CG132)

This guideline covers when to offer caesarean section, procedural aspects of the operation and care after caesarean section. It aims to improve the consistency and quality of care for women who are considering a caesarean section or have had a caesarean section in the past and are now pregnant again.

Clinical guideline Published November 2011 Last updated September 2019

Colorectal cancer: diagnosis and management (CG131)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing colorectal (bowel) cancer in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve quality of life and survival for adults with colorectal cancer through early diagnosis and staging, management of local disease according to risk of recurrence (high, moderate, low) and management of secondary tumours (metastatic disease).

Clinical guideline Published November 2011 Last updated December 2014

Hyperglycaemia in acute coronary syndromes: management (CG130)

This guideline covers managing hyperglycaemia in the first 48 hours for adults admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndromes. It aims to improve initial management of hyperglycaemia and ensure that adults are given advice on their diabetes risk and how to reduce it.

Clinical guideline Published October 2011

Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: recognition, referral and diagnosis (CG128)

This guideline covers recognising and diagnosing autism spectrum disorder in children and young people from birth up to 19 years. It also covers referral. It aims to improve the experience of children, young people and those who care for them.

Clinical guideline Published September 2011 Last updated December 2017

Stable angina: management (CG126)

This guideline covers managing stable angina in people aged 18 and over. It outlines the importance of addressing the person’s concerns about stable angina and the roles of medical therapy and revascularisation.

Clinical guideline Published July 2011 Last updated August 2016

Hip fracture: management (CG124)

This guideline covers managing hip fracture in adults. It aims to improve care from the time people aged 18 and over are admitted to hospital through to when they return to the community. Recommendations emphasise the importance of early surgery and coordinating care through a multidisciplinary hip fracture programme to help people recover faster and regain their mobility.

Clinical guideline Published June 2011 Last updated May 2017

Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in over 16s: management (CG141)

This guideline covers how upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be effectively managed in adults and young people aged 16 years and older. It aims to identify which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are useful so hospitals can develop a structure in which clinical teams can deliver an optimum service for people who develop this condition.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated August 2016

Palliative care for adults: strong opioids for pain relief (CG140)

This guideline covers safe and effective prescribing of strong opioids for pain relief in adults with advanced and progressive disease. It aims to clarify the clinical pathway for prescribing and help to improve pain management and patient safety. Care during the last 2 to 3 days of life is covered by care of dying adults in the last days of life.

Clinical guideline Published May 2012 Last updated August 2016

Healthcare-associated infections: prevention and control in primary and community care (CG139)

This guideline covers preventing and controlling healthcare-associated infections in children, young people and adults in primary and community care settings. It provides a blueprint for the infection prevention and control precautions that should be applied by everyone involved in delivering NHS care and treatment.

Clinical guideline Published March 2012 Last updated February 2017

Patient experience in adult NHS services: improving the experience of care for people using adult NHS services (CG138)

This guideline covers the components of a good patient experience. It aims to make sure that all adults using NHS services have the best possible experience of care.

Clinical guideline Published February 2012

Epilepsies: diagnosis and management (CG137)

The guideline covers diagnosing, treating and managing epilepsy and seizures in children, young people and adults in primary and secondary care. It offers best practice advice on managing epilepsy to improve health outcomes so that people with epilepsy can fully participate in daily life.

Clinical guideline Published January 2012 Last updated October 2019

Service user experience in adult mental health: improving the experience of care for people using adult NHS mental health services (CG136)

This guideline covers the components of a good experience of service use. It aims to make sure that all adults using NHS mental health services have the best possible experience of care.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011

Organ donation for transplantation: improving donor identification and consent rates for deceased organ donation (CG135)

This guideline covers identifying people who wish to donate their organs after their death. It offers advice on how to approach families and carers of people who are nearing the end of life and how to seek consent for organ donation. It aims to promote discussion of organ donation as part of end-of-life care and to increase the number of organs available for people waiting for a transplant.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011 Last updated December 2016

Antenatal and postnatal mental health: clinical management and service guidance (CG192)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing and treating mental health problems in women who are planning to have a baby, are pregnant, or have had a baby or been pregnant in the past year. It covers depression, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, drug- and alcohol-use disorders and severe mental illness (such as psychosis, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia). It promotes early detection and good management of mental health problems to improve women’s quality of life during pregnancy and in the year after giving birth.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated April 2018

Pneumonia in adults: diagnosis and management (CG191)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults. It aims to improve accurate assessment and diagnosis of pneumonia to help guide antibiotic prescribing and ensure that people receive the right treatment.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated September 2019

Intrapartum care for healthy women and babies (CG190)

This guideline covers the care of healthy women and their babies, during labour and immediately after the birth. It focuses on women who give birth between 37 and 42 weeks of pregnancy (‘term’). The guideline helps women to make an informed choice about where to have their baby. It also aims to reduce variation in areas of care such as fetal monitoring during labour and management of the third stage of labour.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated February 2017

Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification (CG181)

This guideline covers the assessment and care of adults who are at risk of or who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as heart disease and stroke. It aims to help healthcare professionals identify people who are at risk of cardiovascular problems including people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. It describes the lifestyle changes people can make and how statins can be used to reduce their risk.

Clinical guideline Published July 2014 Last updated September 2016

Atrial fibrillation: management (CG180)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing atrial fibrillation in adults. It aims to ensure that people receive the best management to help prevent harmful complications, in particular stroke and bleeding.

Clinical guideline Published June 2014 Last updated August 2014

Pressure ulcers: prevention and management (CG179)

This guideline covers risk assessment, prevention and treatment in children, young people and adults at risk of, or who have, a pressure ulcer (also known as a bedsore or pressure sore). It aims to reduce the number of pressure ulcers in people admitted to secondary or tertiary care or receiving NHS care in other settings, such as primary and community care and emergency departments.

Clinical guideline Published April 2014

Psychosis and schizophrenia in adults: prevention and management (CG178)

This guideline covers recognising and managing psychosis and schizophrenia in adults. It aims to improve care through early recognition and treatment, and by focusing on long-term recovery. It also recommends checking for coexisting health problems and providing support for family members and carers.

Clinical guideline Published February 2014 Last updated March 2014

Osteoarthritis: care and management (CG177)

This guideline covers assessing and managing osteoarthritis in adults. It covers both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. It promotes effective treatment options to control joint pain and improve function in people with osteoarthritis.

Clinical guideline Published February 2014

Head injury: assessment and early management (CG176)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of head injury in children, young people and adults. It promotes effective clinical assessment so that people receive the right care for the severity of their head injury, including referral directly to specialist care if needed.

Clinical guideline Published January 2014 Last updated September 2019

Intravenous fluid therapy in adults in hospital (CG174)

This guideline covers the general principles for managing intravenous (IV) fluid therapy in hospital inpatients aged 16 and over with a range of conditions. It aims to help prescribers understand the optimal amount and composition of IV fluids to be administered and the best rate at which to give them, to improve fluid prescribing and outcomes among people in hospital. It does not cover pregnant women, and those with severe liver or renal disease, diabetes or burns.

Clinical guideline Published December 2013 Last updated May 2017

Brain tumours (primary) and brain metastases in adults (NG99)

This guideline covers diagnosing, monitoring and managing any type of primary brain tumour or brain metastases in people aged 16 or over. It aims to improve diagnosis and care, including standardising the care people have, how information and support are provided, and palliative care.

NICE guideline Published July 2018

Hearing loss in adults: assessment and management (NG98)

This guideline covers some aspects of assessing and managing hearing loss in primary, community and secondary care. It aims to improve the quality of life for adults with hearing loss by advising healthcare staff on assessing hearing difficulties, managing earwax and referring people for audiological or specialist assessment and management.

NICE guideline Published June 2018

Dementia: assessment, management and support for people living with dementia and their carers (NG97)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing dementia (including Alzheimer’s disease). It aims to improve care by making recommendations on training staff and helping carers to support people living with dementia.

NICE guideline Published June 2018

Care and support of people growing older with learning disabilities (NG96)

This guideline covers care and support for adults with learning disabilities as they grow older. It covers identifying changing needs, planning for the future, and delivering services including health, social care and housing. It aims to support people to access the services they need as they get older.

NICE guideline Published April 2018

Patient group directions (MPG2)

This guideline covers good practice for developing, authorising, using and updating patient group directions. It also offers advice on deciding whether a patient group direction is needed.

Medicines practice guideline Published August 2013 Last updated March 2017

Developing and updating local formularies (MPG1)

This guideline covers good practice for developing and updating local formularies in line with statutory requirements. It supports developing formularies that reflect local needs, reduce variation in prescribing, and allow rapid adoption of new medicines and treatments.

Medicines practice guideline Published March 2014 Last updated October 2015

Safe staffing for nursing in adult inpatient wards in acute hospitals (SG1)

This guideline covers organisational and managerial approaches to safe nurse staffing of inpatient wards for people aged 18 and over in acute hospitals. It aims to ensure that patients receive the nursing care they need, regardless of the ward to which they are allocated, the time of the day, or the day of the week.

Safe staffing guideline Published July 2014

Managing medicines in care homes (SC1)

This guideline covers good practice for managing medicines in care homes. It aims to promote the safe and effective use of medicines in care homes by advising on processes for prescribing, handling and administering medicines. It also recommends how care and services relating to medicines should be provided to people living in care homes.

Social care guideline Published March 2014

Smoking: acute, maternity and mental health services (PH48)

This guideline covers helping people to stop smoking in acute, maternity and mental health services. It promotes smokefree policies and services and recommends effective ways to help people stop smoking or to abstain from smoking while using or working in secondary care settings.

Clinical guideline Published November 2013

Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese children and young people (PH47)

This guideline covers lifestyle weight management services for children and young people aged under 18 who are overweight or obese. It advises how to deliver effective weight management programmes that support children and young people to change their lifestyle and manage their weight.

Clinical guideline Published October 2013

BMI: preventing ill health and premature death in black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups (PH46)

This guideline covers the link between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference and the risk of disease among adults from black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups in the UK. The aim was to determine whether lower cut-off points should be used for these groups as a trigger for lifestyle interventions to prevent conditions such as diabetes, myocardial infarction or stroke.

Clinical guideline Published July 2013

Smoking: harm reduction (PH45)

This guideline covers reducing harm from smoking. It aims to help people, particularly those who are highly dependent on nicotine, who:

Clinical guideline Published June 2013 Last updated July 2013

Physical activity: brief advice for adults in primary care (PH44)

This guideline covers providing brief advice on physical activity to adults in primary care. It aims to improve health and wellbeing by raising awareness of the importance of physical activity and encouraging people to increase or maintain their activity level.

Clinical guideline Published May 2013

Hepatitis B and C testing: people at risk of infection (PH43)

This guideline covers raising awareness of and testing for hepatitis B and C infection. It aims to ensure that people at increased risk of hepatitis B and C infection are tested.

Clinical guideline Published December 2012 Last updated March 2013

Obesity: working with local communities (PH42)

This guideline covers how local communities, with support from local organisations and networks, can help prevent people from becoming overweight or obese or help them lose weight. It aims to support sustainable and community-wide action to achieve this.

Clinical guideline Published November 2012 Last updated June 2017

Physical activity: walking and cycling (PH41)

This guideline covers encouraging people to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes.

Clinical guideline Published November 2012

Social and emotional wellbeing: early years (PH40)

This guideline covers supporting the social and emotional wellbeing of vulnerable children under 5 through home visiting, childcare and early education. It aims to optimise care for young children who need extra support because they have or are at risk of social or emotional problems.

Clinical guideline Published October 2012

Unintentional injuries: prevention strategies for under 15s (PH29)

This guideline covers strategies, regulation, enforcement, surveillance and workforce development in relation to preventing unintentional injuries in the home, on the road and during outdoor play and leisure.

Clinical guideline Published November 2010

Looked-after children and young people (PH28)

This guideline covers how organisations, professionals and carers can work together to deliver high quality care, stable placements and nurturing relationships for looked-after children and young people. It aims to help these children and young people reach their full potential and enjoy the same opportunities in life as their peers.

Clinical guideline Published October 2010 Last updated May 2015

Weight management before, during and after pregnancy (PH27)

This guideline covers how to assess and monitor body weight and how to prevent someone from becoming overweight or obese before, during and after pregnancy. The aim is help all women who have a baby to achieve and maintain a healthy weight by adopting a balanced diet and being physically active.

Clinical guideline Published July 2010

Smoking: stopping in pregnancy and after childbirth (PH26)

This guideline covers support to help women stop smoking during pregnancy and in the first year after childbirth. It includes identifying women who need help to quit, referring them to stop smoking services and providing intensive and ongoing support to help them stop. The guideline also advises how to tailor services for women from disadvantaged groups in which smoking rates are high.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010

Cardiovascular disease prevention (PH25)

This guideline covers the main risk factors linked with cardiovascular disease: poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. It aims to reduce the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. This, in turn, will help prevent other major causes of death and illness, such as type 2 diabetes and many cancers.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010