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  1. The evidence on the safety of reinforcement of a permanent stoma with a synthetic or biological mesh to prevent a parastomal hernia shows there are serious but well-recognised complications. The evidence on efficacy is limited in quantity and quality. Therefore, this procedure should not be used unless  special arrangements   are in place for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG654/1 Question The evidence on the safety of reinforcement of a permanent stoma with a synthetic or biological mesh

  2. Current evidence on the safety of ultrasound-guided high‑intensity transcutaneous focused ultrasound for symptomatic uterine fibroids shows there are well-recognised complications including skin burns. The evidence on efficacy is limited in quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with  special arrangements   for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG657/1 Question Current evidence on the safety of ultrasound-guided high‑intensity transcutaneous focused ultrasound

  3. The evidence on the safety of transurethral laser ablation for recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer shows that there are no major safety concerns. However, current evidence on its efficacy is limited in quality and quantity. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with  special arrangements   for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG656/1 Question The evidence on the safety of transurethral laser ablation for recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder

  4. The evidence on percutaneous insertion of a cerebral protection device to prevent cerebral embolism during TAVI raises no major safety concerns other than those associated with the TAVI procedure. However, the evidence on efficacy for preventing TAVI-related stroke is inconclusive. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with  special arrangements   for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG650/1 Question The evidence on percutaneous insertion of a cerebral protection device to prevent cerebral embolism

  5. Current evidence on the safety of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy for acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the leg shows there are well-recognised but infrequent complications. For distal DVT that does not extend into the common femoral vein the evidence on efficacy is inconclusive, therefore this procedure should only be used in the context of  research .

    Recommendation ID IPG651/2 Question Current evidence on the safety of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy for acute deep vein thrombosis

  6. The committee noted that there was no clinical evidence showing that having sodium zirconium cyclosilicate improved length or quality of life or allowed patients to stay on optimal doses of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors. It therefore considered that it would be valuable to have studies comparing sodium zirconium cyclosilicate plus standard care with standard care alone in people with confirmed hyperkalaemia of 6.0 mmol/litre and above, and that these should investigate: mortality disease progression patterns of RAAS inhibitor use healthcare utilisation, and health-related quality of life.

    Recommendation ID TA599/1 Question The committee noted that there was no clinical evidence showing that having sodium zirconium cyclosilicate

  7. The effect of injectable contraceptives on bone mineral density in women who have used DMPA for longer than 2 years is uncertain. Adequately powered surveys or cross‑sectional studies are needed to examine the recovery of bone mineral density after discontinuation of DMPA after long‑term and very long‑term use. Studies are also needed to examine the risk of bone fractures in older women.

    Recommendation ID CG30/4 Question The effect of injectable contraceptives on bone mineral density in women who have used DMPA for longer

  8. What is the clinical and cost effectiveness, post-treatment and at longer-term follow‑up, of a brief psychosocial intervention as reported by the IMPACT trial, but delivered by practitioners other than psychiatrists and in other settings, including primary care, to young people aged 12 to 18 years with mild or moderate to severe depression?

    Recommendation ID NG134/4 Question What is the clinical and cost effectiveness, post-treatment and at longer-term follow‑up, of a brief

  9. What is the clinical and cost effectiveness, post-treatment and at longer-term follow‑up, of family therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for adolescents (IPT‑A) compared with each other and with individual CBT in young people aged 12 to 18 years with moderate to severe depression?

    Recommendation ID NG134/3 Question What is the clinical and cost effectiveness, post-treatment and at longer-term follow‑up, of family

  10. What is the most clinically and cost-effective follow‑up protocol for people with prostate cancer who have had radical treatment, with specific regard to risk stratification, duration of follow‑up, frequency of follow‑up appointments, the type of examination or blood tests, and the roles of primary and secondary care in follow‑up?

    Recommendation ID NG131/2 Question What is the most clinically and cost-effective follow‑up protocol for people with prostate cancer who

  11. What is the most suitable surveillance protocol (including the role of digital rectal examination [DRE] and prostate-specific antigen [PSA] measures) for people for whom active surveillance is appropriate, as assessed by multiparametric MRI and biopsy, when there are no clinical concerns during follow‑up?

    Recommendation ID NG131/1 Question What is the most suitable surveillance protocol (including the role of digital rectal examination [DRE]