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122 results for Women's health

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  1. How effective are programmes that aim to prevent domestic violence and abuse from ever happening in the first place? This includes media-based public health awareness campaigns. It also includes social movements to establish people's rights, and community-building and primary prevention activities that tackle underlying assumptions in society. (Examples of the latter might include the role and status of women.)

    from ever happening in the first place? This includes media-based public health awareness campaigns. It also includes social movements...

  2. Decision-to-delivery interval (category 2 urgency):- A prospective study to determine whether the decision-to-delivery interval has an impact on maternal and neonatal outcomes when there is a category 2 level of urgency for Caesarean Section (CS). Important primary outcomes would be: • fetal wellbeing (such as cord blood gases, Apgar score at 5 minutes, hypoxic encephalopathy, neonatal respiratory problems, unanticipated admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), duration of stay in the NICU) maternal wellbeing (such as haemoglobin levels on day 2, need for blood transfusion, duration of hospital stay controlled for prolonged neonatal stay and general health/wellbeing). Valuable secondary outcomes could include: • fetal trauma at delivery • iatrogenic maternal bladder or bowel injury • postoperative maternal infectious morbidity • establishment of breastfeeding • psychological outcomes for women, such as the development of postnatal depression/posttraumatic stress disorder.

    duration of hospital stay controlled for prolonged neonatal stay and general health/wellbeing). Valuable secondary outcomes could...

  3. What are the natural frequencies of the avoidable harms that cardiotocography is intended to prevent for women who are assessed as being at low risk of complications at the start of labour? Does using cardiotocography in labours where complications develop confer a net benefit compared with intermittent auscultation?

    of the avoidable harms that cardiotocography is intended to prevent for women who are assessed as being at low risk of complications at...

  4. Maternal request for Casarean Section (CS): What support or psychological interventions would be appropriate for women who have a fear of vaginal childbirth and request a CS? Interventions for evaluation could include: • support from a named member of the maternity team • continuity of carer • formal counselling • cognitive behavioural therapy. Outcomes could include: • mode of birth planned at term • psychological outcomes (postnatal depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, self-esteem, mother–infant bonding) • breastfeeding.

    (CS): What support or psychological interventions would be appropriate for women who have a fear of vaginal childbirth and request a CS?...

  5. A national evaluation of early pregnancy assessment unit service provision should be carried out to identify factors affecting outcomes. Factors should include whether care is provided in a dedicated unit, staffing configuration and opening hours of dedicated services. Outcomes should include both process (service) outcomes and pregnancy-related outcomes. Data collected should be used to analyse the cost effectiveness of early pregnancy assessment units compared with other models of care.

    of early pregnancy assessment units in improving physical and emotional health compared with services provided outside of a dedicated...