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Prostate cancer: diagnosis and management (NG131)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer in secondary care, including information on the best way to diagnose and identify different stages of the disease, and how to manage adverse effects of treatment. It also includes recommendations on follow-up in primary care for people diagnosed with prostate cancer.

NICE guideline Published May 2019

Violence and aggression: short-term management in mental health, health and community settings (NG10)

This guideline covers the short-term management of violence and aggression in adults (aged 18 and over), young people (aged 13 to 17) and children (aged 12 and under). It is relevant for mental health, health and community settings. The guideline aims to safeguard both staff and people who use services by helping to prevent violent situations and providing guidance to manage them safely when they occur.

NICE guideline Published May 2015

Motor neurone disease: assessment and management (NG42)

This guideline covers assessing and managing motor neurone disease (MND). It aims to improve care from the time of diagnosis, and covers information and support, organisation of care, managing symptoms and preparing for end of life care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated July 2019

Unstable angina and NSTEMI: early management (CG94)

This guideline covers treatments for people aged 18 and over with unstable angina (recurring chest pain) or a type of heart attack called non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). It aims to ensure that people get treatment quickly. It recommends that as soon as NSTEMI or unstable angina is diagnosed, healthcare professionals assess people for risk of more serious heart problems in the future to guide their treatment.

Clinical guideline Published March 2010 Last updated November 2013

Depression in adults with a chronic physical health problem: recognition and management (CG91)

This guideline covers identifying, treating and managing depression in people aged 18 and over who also have a chronic physical health problem such as cancer, heart disease or diabetes. It aims to improve the care of people with a long-term physical health problem, which can cause or exacerbate depression. This has the potential to increase their quality of life and life expectancy.

Clinical guideline Published October 2009

Child maltreatment: when to suspect maltreatment in under 18s (CG89)

This guideline covers the signs of possible child maltreatment in children and young people aged under 18 years. It aims to raise awareness and help health professionals who are not child protection specialists to identify the features of physical, sexual and emotional abuse, neglect and fabricated or induced illness.

Clinical guideline Published July 2009 Last updated October 2017

Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (or encephalopathy): diagnosis and management (CG53)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) which is also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) (or encephalopathy). It aims to improve the quality of life for people with CFS/ME by setting out the care and treatment options that should be available for them.

Clinical guideline Published August 2007

Acutely ill adults in hospital: recognising and responding to deterioration (CG50)

This guideline covers how patients in hospital should be monitored to identify those whose health may become worse suddenly and the care they should receive. It aims to reduce the risk of patients needing to stay longer in hospital, not recovering fully or dying. It doesn’t specifically cover the care of children, patients in critical care areas or those in the final stages of a terminal illness.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Faecal incontinence in adults: management (CG49)

This guideline covers assessing and managing faecal incontinence (any involuntary loss of faeces that is a social or hygienic problem) in people aged 18 and over. It aims to ensure that staff are aware that faecal incontinence is a sign or a symptom, not a diagnosis.

Clinical guideline Published June 2007

Obesity prevention (CG43)

This guideline covers preventing children, young people and adults becoming overweight or obese. It outlines how the NHS, local authorities, early years’ settings, schools and workplaces can increase physical activity levels and make dietary improvements among their target populations.

Clinical guideline Published December 2006 Last updated March 2015

Rehabilitation after critical illness in adults (CG83)

This guideline covers rehabilitation strategies for adults who have experienced a critical illness and stayed in critical care. It aims to improve physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes in people who have been discharged from critical care.

Clinical guideline Published March 2009

Medicines adherence: involving patients in decisions about prescribed medicines and supporting adherence (CG76)

This guideline covers medicines adherence in people aged 18 and over. It recommends how to encourage adherence to medicines by supporting and involving people in decisions about their prescribed medicines. It aims to ensure that a person’s decision to use a medicine is an informed choice.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009

Antisocial personality disorder: prevention and management (CG77)

This guideline covers principles for working with people with antisocial personality disorder, including dealing with crises (crisis resolution). It aims to help people with antisocial personality disorder manage feelings of anger, distress, anxiety and depression, and to reduce offending and antisocial behaviour.

Clinical guideline Published January 2009 Last updated March 2013

Familial hypercholesterolaemia: identification and management (CG71)

This guideline covers identifying and managing familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), a specific type of high cholesterol that runs in the family, in children, young people and adults. It aims to help identify people at increased risk of coronary heart disease as a result of having FH.

Clinical guideline Published August 2008 Last updated October 2019

Postnatal care up to 8 weeks after birth (CG37)

This guideline covers the routine postnatal care women and their babies should receive for 6–8 weeks after the birth. It includes advice given on breastfeeding, and the management of common and serious health problems in women and their babies after the birth.

Clinical guideline Published July 2006 Last updated February 2015

Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition (CG32)

This guideline covers identifying and caring for adults who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition in hospital or in their own home or a care home. It offers advice on how oral, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition support should be started, administered and stopped. It aims to support healthcare professionals identify malnourished people and help them to choose the most appropriate form of support.

Clinical guideline Published February 2006 Last updated August 2017

Melanoma: assessment and management (NG14)

This guideline covers the assessment and management of melanoma (a type of skin cancer) in children, young people and adults. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published July 2015

Irritable bowel syndrome in adults: diagnosis and management (CG61)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in people aged 18 and over. It details how to accurately diagnose IBS, and aims to improve the quality of life for adults with IBS by promoting effective management using dietary and lifestyle advice, pharmacological therapy and referral for psychological interventions.

Clinical guideline Published February 2008 Last updated April 2017

Atopic eczema in under 12s: diagnosis and management (CG57)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing atopic eczema in children under 12. It aims to improve care for children with atopic eczema by making detailed recommendations on treatment and specialist referral. The guideline also explains how healthcare professionals should assess the effect eczema has on quality of life, in addition to its physical severity.

Clinical guideline Published December 2007

Inducing labour (CG70)

This guideline covers circumstances, methods and monitoring for inducing labour in pregnant women to avoid a pregnancy lasting longer than 42 weeks (known as a prolonged pregnancy) or if a woman’s waters break but labour does not start. It aims to improve the advice and care provided to women considering and undergoing induction of labour in hospital-based maternity units, midwifery led units and at home .

Clinical guideline Published July 2008

Hypothermia: prevention and management in adults having surgery (CG65)

This guideline covers preventing and managing inadvertent hypothermia in people aged 18 and over having surgery. It offers advice on assessing patients’ risk of hypothermia, measuring and monitoring temperature, and devices for keeping patients warm before, during and after surgery.

Clinical guideline Published April 2008 Last updated December 2016

Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis: antimicrobial prophylaxis against infective endocarditis in adults and children undergoing interventional procedures (CG64)

This guideline covers preventing infective endocarditis (IE) in children, young people and adults. It focuses on people at increased risk of infective endocarditis undergoing dental, gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary and respiratory tract procedures.

Clinical guideline Published March 2008 Last updated July 2016

Constipation in children and young people: diagnosis and management (CG99)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing constipation in children and young people up to 18. It provides strategies to support the early identification and timely, effective treatment of constipation which will help improve outcomes for patients. It does not cover constipation caused by a specific condition.

Clinical guideline Published May 2010 Last updated July 2017

Lower urinary tract symptoms in men: management (CG97)

This guideline covers managing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men over 18. It aims to improve the quality of life for men with LUTS by recommending which assessments they should receive, and when conservative management, drug treatment and surgery can help.

Clinical guideline Published May 2010 Last updated June 2015

Diabetes in pregnancy: management from preconception to the postnatal period (NG3)

This guideline covers managing diabetes and its complications in women who are planning pregnancy or are already pregnant. It aims to improve the diagnosis of gestational diabetes and help women with diabetes to self-manage their blood glucose levels before and during pregnancy.

NICE guideline Published February 2015 Last updated August 2015

Care of dying adults in the last days of life (NG31)

This guideline covers the clinical care of adults (18 years and over) who are dying during the last 2 to 3 days of life. It aims to improve end of life care for people in their last days of life by communicating respectfully and involving them, and the people important to them, in decisions and by maintaining their comfort and dignity. The guideline covers how to manage common symptoms without causing unacceptable side effects and maintain hydration in the last days of life.

NICE guideline Published December 2015

Myeloma: diagnosis and management (NG35)

This guideline covers the diagnosing and managing of myeloma (including smouldering myeloma and primary plasma cell leukaemia) in people aged 16 and over. It aims to improve care for people with myeloma by promoting the most effective tests and treatments for myeloma and its complications.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated October 2018

Cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract: assessment and management in people aged 16 and over (NG36)

This guideline covers assessing and managing cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract in people aged 16 and over. These are cancers of the airways of the head and neck, including the mouth, throat, larynx (voicebox) and sinuses. It aims to reduce variation in practice and improve survival.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated June 2018

Spinal injury: assessment and initial management (NG41)

This guideline covers the assessment and early management of spinal column and spinal cord injury in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It covers traumatic injuries to the spine but does not cover spinal injury caused by a disease.It aims to reduce death and disability by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Blood transfusion (NG24)

This guideline covers the assessment for and management of blood transfusions in adults, young people and children over 1 year old. It covers the general principles of blood transfusion, but does not make recommendations relating to specific conditions.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Chronic kidney disease: managing anaemia (NG8)

This guideline covers diagnosing, assessing, managing and monitoring anaemia in people with chronic kidney disease. It aims to improve care for people with chronic kidney disease by specifying how to assess when their anaemia needs treating, and by making detailed recommendations on treatment with erythropoietic stimulating agents (ESAs) and iron. It also covers detecting and managing ESA-resistant anaemia.

NICE guideline Published June 2015

Fractures (complex): assessment and management (NG37)

This guideline covers assessing and managing pelvic fractures, open fractures and severe ankle fractures (known as pilon fractures and intra-articular distal tibia fractures) in pre-hospital settings (including ambulance services), emergency departments and major trauma centres. It aims to reduce deaths and long-term health problems by improving the quality of emergency and urgent care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016 Last updated November 2017

Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management (NG18)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and young people aged under 18. The guideline recommends strict targets for blood glucose control to reduce the long-term risks associated with diabetes.

NICE guideline Published August 2015 Last updated November 2016

Children's attachment: attachment in children and young people who are adopted from care, in care or at high risk of going into care (NG26)

This guideline covers the identification, assessment and treatment of attachment difficulties in children and young people up to age 18 who are adopted from care, in special guardianship, looked after by local authorities in foster homes (including kinship foster care), residential settings and other accommodation, or on the edge of care. It aims to address the many emotional and psychological needs of children and young people in these situations, including those resulting from maltreatment.

NICE guideline Published November 2015

Medicines optimisation: the safe and effective use of medicines to enable the best possible outcomes (NG5)

This guideline covers safe and effective use of medicines in health and social care for people taking 1 or more medicines. It aims to ensure that medicines provide the greatest possible benefit to people by encouraging medicines reconciliation, medication review, and the use of patient decision aids.

NICE guideline Published March 2015

Major trauma: service delivery (NG40)

This guideline covers the organisation and provision of major trauma services in pre-hospital and hospital settings, including ambulance services, emergency departments, major trauma centres and trauma units. It aims to reduce deaths and disabilities in people with serious injuries by providing a systematic approach to the delivery of major trauma care. It does not cover services for people with burns.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Fractures (non-complex): assessment and management (NG38)

This guideline covers assessing and managing non-complex fractures that can be treated in the emergency department or orthopaedic clinic. It aims to improve practice so that people with fractures receive the care that they need without unnecessary tests and treatments.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Challenging behaviour and learning disabilities: prevention and interventions for people with learning disabilities whose behaviour challenges (NG11)

This guideline covers interventions and support for children, young people and adults with a learning disability and behaviour that challenges. It highlights the importance of understanding the cause of behaviour that challenges, and performing thorough assessments so that steps can be taken to help people change their behaviour and improve their quality of life. The guideline also covers support and intervention for family members or carers.

NICE guideline Published May 2015

Type 1 diabetes in adults: diagnosis and management (NG17)

This guideline covers the care and treatment of adults (aged 18 and over) with type 1 diabetes.

NICE guideline Published August 2015 Last updated July 2016

Otitis media with effusion in under 12s: surgery (CG60)

This guideline covers surgical treatment of children younger than 12 years who have fluid buildup behind their eardrum (otitis media, also known as ‘glue ear’). It aims to improve hearing and quality of life in children with otitis media.

Clinical guideline Published February 2008

Drug misuse in over 16s: opioid detoxification (CG52)

This guideline covers helping adults and young people over 16 who are dependent on opioids to stop using drugs. It aims to reduce illicit drug use and improve people’s physical and mental health, relationships and employment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Drug misuse in over 16s: psychosocial interventions (CG51)

This guideline covers using psychosocial interventions to treat adults and young people over 16 who have a problem with or are dependent on opioids, stimulants or cannabis. It aims to reduce illicit drug use and improve people’s physical and mental health, relationships and employment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Respiratory tract infections (self-limiting): prescribing antibiotics (CG69)

This guideline covers prescribing antibiotics in primary care to children (aged 3 months and older), young people and adults with self-limiting respiratory tract infections (RTIs). It provides practical strategies for prescribing, including identifying when immediate antibiotics are needed and when to offer a delayed prescription or reassurance alone. It covers identifying who is at risk of serious illness but not investigations or further care for people needing immediate antibiotics.

Clinical guideline Published July 2008

Metastatic spinal cord compression in adults: risk assessment, diagnosis and management (CG75)

This guideline covers detecting and managing metastatic spinal cord compression in adults with cancer that has spread to the spine. It aims to improve quality of life by promoting early detection and management, and reducing spinal cord damage and disability.

Clinical guideline Published November 2008

Atrial fibrillation: management (CG180)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing atrial fibrillation in adults. It aims to ensure that people receive the best management to help prevent harmful complications, in particular stroke and bleeding.

Clinical guideline Published June 2014 Last updated August 2014

Pressure ulcers: prevention and management (CG179)

This guideline covers risk assessment, prevention and treatment in children, young people and adults at risk of, or who have, a pressure ulcer (also known as a bedsore or pressure sore). It aims to reduce the number of pressure ulcers in people admitted to secondary or tertiary care or receiving NHS care in other settings, such as primary and community care and emergency departments.

Clinical guideline Published April 2014

Gallstone disease: diagnosis and management (CG188)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing gallstone disease in adults. It aims to reduce variation in care by promoting the most effective treatments, and to improve the advice given to people with gallstone disease before and after treatment.

Clinical guideline Published October 2014

Varicose veins: diagnosis and management (CG168)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing varicose veins in people aged 18 and over. It aims to ensure that people understand the options for treating varicose veins and that healthcare professionals know when to refer people for specialist assessment and treatment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2013

Acute kidney injury: prevention, detection and management (CG169)

This guideline covers preventing, detecting, and managing acute kidney injury in children (aged above 1 month and below 12 years), young people (aged 12 to 17 years) and adults (aged 18 years or older). It aims to improve assessment and detection by non-specialist clinicians, and specifies when they should refer people to specialist services. This will reduce the chance of death or complications for people at risk of acute kidney injury.

Clinical guideline Published August 2013

Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: support and management (CG170)

This guideline covers children and young people with autism spectrum disorder (across the full range of intellectual ability) from birth until their 19th birthday. It covers the different ways that health and social care professionals can provide support, treatment and help for children and young people with autism, and their families and carers, from the early years through to their transition into young adult life.

Clinical guideline Published August 2013