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  1. How do the newer AEDs compare in efficacy to the standard AEDs in the treatment of newly diagnosed epilepsy? Focal seizures: carbamazepine, eslicarbazepine acetate, lacosamide, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, pregabalin  and zonisamide. Generalised seizures: lamotrigine, levetiracetam, sodium valproate and zonisamide.

    Recommendation ID CG137/1 Question How do the newer AEDs compare in efficacy to the standard AEDs in the treatment of newly diagnosed epilepsy

  2. The evidence on the safety of transurethral laser ablation for recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer shows that there are no major safety concerns. However, current evidence on its efficacy is limited in quality and quantity. Therefore, this procedure should only be used with  special arrangements   for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG656/1 Question The evidence on the safety of transurethral laser ablation for recurrent non-muscle-invasive bladder

  3. Current evidence on the safety and efficacy of radially emitting laser fibre treatment of an anal fistula is limited in quantity and quality. Therefore, although there are no major safety concerns, this procedure should only be used with special arrangements  for clinical governance, consent, and audit or research.

    Recommendation ID IPG644/1 Question Current evidence on the safety and efficacy of radially emitting laser fibre treatment of an anal fistula