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Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management of physical complications (CG100)

This guideline covers care for adults and young people (aged 10 years and older) with physical health problems that are completely or partly caused by an alcohol-use disorder. It aims to improve the health of people with alcohol-use disorders by providing recommendations on managing acute alcohol withdrawal and treating alcohol-related conditions.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010 Last updated April 2017

Meningitis (bacterial) and meningococcal septicaemia in under 16s: recognition, diagnosis and management (CG102)

This guideline covers recognising, diagnosing and managing bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia (blood poisoning) in babies, children and young people under 16. It aims to reduce deaths and disability by promoting early recognition of symptoms and timely effective management.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010 Last updated February 2015

Hearing loss in adults: assessment and management (NG98)

This guideline covers some aspects of assessing and managing hearing loss in primary, community and secondary care. It aims to improve the quality of life for adults with hearing loss by advising healthcare staff on assessing hearing difficulties, managing earwax and referring people for audiological or specialist assessment and management.

NICE guideline Published June 2018

Delirium: prevention, diagnosis and management (CG103)

This guideline covers diagnosing and treating delirium in people aged 18 and over in hospital and in long-term residential care or a nursing home. It also covers identifying people at risk of developing delirium in these settings and preventing onset. It aims to improve diagnosis of delirium and reduce hospital stays and complications.

Clinical guideline Published July 2010 Last updated March 2019

Metastatic malignant disease of unknown primary origin in adults: diagnosis and management (CG104)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing secondary cancers in people aged 18 and over when the site of the primary cancer is unknown. This includes people who have had treatment for cancer before. It aims to improve quality of life by offering advice on tests for identifying the site of the primary cancer and options for managing the person’s condition when this cannot be found.

Clinical guideline Published July 2010

Barrett's oesophagus: ablative therapy (CG106)

This guideline covers endoscopy treatments for people aged 18 and over with Barrett’s oesophagus and high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal cancer. It offers advice on which types of endoscopy treatments should be offered and how these should be used. It aims to improve choice of treatment for adults with Barrett’s oesophagus and improve quality of life and survival for those who cannot have surgery.

Clinical guideline Published August 2010

Brain tumours (primary) and brain metastases in adults (NG99)

This guideline covers diagnosing, monitoring and managing any type of primary brain tumour or brain metastases in people aged 16 or over. It aims to improve diagnosis and care, including standardising the care people have, how information and support are provided, and palliative care.

NICE guideline Published July 2018

Transient loss of consciousness ('blackouts') in over 16s (CG109)

This guideline covers assessment, diagnosis and referral for people over 16 who have had a transient loss of consciousness (TLoC; also called a blackout). It aims to improve care for people with TLoC by specifying the most effective assessments and recommending when to refer to a specialist.

Clinical guideline Published August 2010 Last updated September 2014

Pregnancy and complex social factors: a model for service provision for pregnant women with complex social factors (CG110)

This guideline covers antenatal care for all pregnant women with complex social factors (particularly alcohol or drug misuse, recent migrant or asylum seeker status, difficulty reading or speaking English, aged under 20, domestic abuse). It offers advice on improving access to care, maintaining contact with antenatal carers, and additional information and support for these women.

Clinical guideline Published September 2010

Cardiovascular disease prevention (PH25)

This guideline covers the main risk factors linked with cardiovascular disease: poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. It aims to reduce the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. This, in turn, will help prevent other major causes of death and illness, such as type 2 diabetes and many cancers.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Smoking: stopping in pregnancy and after childbirth (PH26)

This guideline covers support to help women stop smoking during pregnancy and in the first year after childbirth. It includes identifying women who need help to quit, referring them to stop smoking services and providing intensive and ongoing support to help them stop. The guideline also advises how to tailor services for women from disadvantaged groups in which smoking rates are high.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Physical activity for children and young people (PH17)

This guideline covers promoting physical activity for children and young people aged under 18 at home, preschool, school and in the community. It includes raising awareness of the benefits of physical activity, listening to what children and young people want, planning and providing spaces and facilities, and helping families build physical activity into their daily lives.

Public health guideline Published January 2009

Social and emotional wellbeing in secondary education (PH20)

This guideline covers interventions to support social and emotional wellbeing among young people aged 11–19 years who are in full-time education. It aims to promote good social, emotional and psychological health to protect young people against behavioural and health problems.

Public health guideline Published September 2009

Mental wellbeing at work (PH22)

This guideline covers how to create the right conditions to support mental wellbeing at work. The aim is to promote a culture of participation, equality and fairness in the workplace based on open communication and flexible working.

Public health guideline Published November 2009

Smoking prevention in schools (PH23)

This guideline covers smoking prevention interventions that are delivered in schools or other educational institutions. It aims to prevent children and young people aged under 19 from taking up smoking.

Public health guideline Published February 2010

Smoking: preventing uptake in children and young people (PH14)

This guideline covers anti-smoking mass-media campaigns, for example, on TV, in newspapers and online. It also covers measures to prevent tobacco being sold to children and young people. The aim is to help prevent children and young people from taking up smoking.

Public health guideline Published July 2008 Last updated November 2014

Cardiovascular disease: identifying and supporting people most at risk of dying early (PH15)

This guideline covers the risk of early death from heart disease and other smoking-related illnesses. It aims to reduce the number of people who are disadvantaged dying prematurely by ensuring people have better access to flexible, well-coordinated treatment and support.

Public health guideline Published September 2008

Alcohol-use disorders: prevention (PH24)

This guideline covers alcohol problems among people over 10. It aims to prevent and identify such problems as early as possible using a mix of policy and practice.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Weight management before, during and after pregnancy (PH27)

This guideline covers how to assess and monitor body weight and how to prevent someone from becoming overweight or obese before, during and after pregnancy. The aim is help all women who have a baby to achieve and maintain a healthy weight by adopting a balanced diet and being physically active.

Public health guideline Published July 2010

Immunisations: reducing differences in uptake in under 19s (PH21)

This guideline covers increasing immunisation uptake among children and young people aged under 19 years in groups and settings where immunisation coverage is low. It aims to improve access to immunisation services and increase timely immunisation of children and young people. It also aims to ensure babies born to mothers infected with hepatitis B are immunised.

Public health guideline Published September 2009 Last updated September 2017

Mental wellbeing in over 65s: occupational therapy and physical activity interventions (PH16)

This guideline covers promoting mental wellbeing in people aged over 65. It focuses on practical support for everyday activities, based on occupational therapy principles and methods. This includes working with older people and their carers to agree what kind of support they need.

Public health guideline Published October 2008

Looked-after children and young people (PH28)

This guideline covers how organisations, professionals and carers can work together to deliver high quality care, stable placements and nurturing relationships for looked-after children and young people. It aims to help these children and young people reach their full potential and enjoy the same opportunities in life as their peers.

Public health guideline Published October 2010 Last updated May 2015

Service user experience in adult mental health: improving the experience of care for people using adult NHS mental health services (CG136)

This guideline covers the components of a good experience of service use. It aims to make sure that all adults using NHS mental health services have the best possible experience of care.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011

Epilepsies: diagnosis and management (CG137)

The guideline covers diagnosing, treating and managing epilepsy and seizures in children, young people and adults in primary and secondary care. It offers best practice advice on managing epilepsy to improve health outcomes so that people with epilepsy can fully participate in daily life.

Clinical guideline Published January 2012 Last updated February 2020

Patient experience in adult NHS services: improving the experience of care for people using adult NHS services (CG138)

This guideline covers the components of a good patient experience. It aims to make sure that all adults using NHS services have the best possible experience of care.

Clinical guideline Published February 2012

Ovarian cancer: recognition and initial management (CG122)

This guideline covers detecting, diagnosing and treating women (18 years and older) who have, or are suspected of having, epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, primary peritoneal cancer or borderline ovarian cancer. It aims to enable earlier detection of ovarian cancer and improve initial treatment.

Clinical guideline Published April 2011

Common mental health problems: identification and pathways to care (CG123)

This guideline covers care for people aged 18 and over with common mental health problems, with a focus on primary care. It aims to improve access to services for adults and how mental health problems are identified and assessed, and makes recommendations on local care pathways.

Clinical guideline Published May 2011

Hip fracture: management (CG124)

This guideline covers managing hip fracture in adults. It aims to improve care from the time people aged 18 and over are admitted to hospital through to when they return to the community. Recommendations emphasise the importance of early surgery and coordinating care through a multidisciplinary hip fracture programme to help people recover faster and regain their mobility.

Clinical guideline Published June 2011 Last updated May 2017

Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis, assessment and management of harmful drinking (high-risk drinking) and alcohol dependence (CG115)

This guideline covers identifying, assessing and managing alcohol-use disorders (harmful drinking and alcohol dependence) in adults and young people aged 10–17 years. It aims to reduce harms (such as liver disease, heart problems, depression and anxiety) from alcohol by improving assessment and setting goals for reducing alcohol consumption.

Clinical guideline Published February 2011

Food allergy in under 19s: assessment and diagnosis (CG116)

This guideline covers assessing and managing food allergy in children and young people under 19. It aims to improve symptoms such as faltering growth and eczema by offering advice on how to identify food allergy and when to refer to secondary or specialist care.

Clinical guideline Published February 2011

Self-harm in over 8s: long-term management (CG133)

This guideline covers the longer-term psychological treatment and management of self-harm in people aged 8 and over. It aims to improve the quality of care and support for people who self harm and covers both single and recurrent episodes of self-harm.

Clinical guideline Published November 2011

Anaphylaxis: assessment and referral after emergency treatment (CG134)

This guideline covers assessment and referral for anaphylaxis. It aims to improve the quality of care for people with suspected anaphylaxis by detailing the assessments that are needed and recommending referral to specialist allergy services.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011

Organ donation for transplantation: improving donor identification and consent rates for deceased organ donation (CG135)

This guideline covers identifying people who wish to donate their organs after their death. It offers advice on how to approach families and carers of people who are nearing the end of life and how to seek consent for organ donation. It aims to promote discussion of organ donation as part of end-of-life care and to increase the number of organs available for people waiting for a transplant.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011 Last updated December 2016

Stable angina: management (CG126)

This guideline covers managing stable angina in people aged 18 and over. It outlines the importance of addressing the person’s concerns about stable angina and the roles of medical therapy and revascularisation.

Clinical guideline Published July 2011 Last updated August 2016

Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: recognition, referral and diagnosis (CG128)

This guideline covers recognising and diagnosing autism spectrum disorder in children and young people from birth up to 19 years. It also covers referral. It aims to improve the experience of children, young people and those who care for them.

Clinical guideline Published September 2011 Last updated December 2017

Colorectal cancer prevention: colonoscopic surveillance in adults with ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease or adenomas (CG118)

This guideline covers using colonoscopy to check for signs of bowel cancer in people aged 18 and over with ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease (types of inflammatory bowel disease) or adenomas (also known as polyps). It aims to prevent cancer and prolong life by offering advice on identifying early bowel cancer in adults most at risk.

Clinical guideline Published March 2011

Coexisting severe mental illness (psychosis) and substance misuse: assessment and management in healthcare settings (CG120)

This guideline covers assessing and managing people aged 14 years and over with coexisting severe mental illness (psychosis) and substance misuse. It aims to help healthcare professionals guide people with psychosis with coexisting substance misuse to stabilise, reduce or stop their substance misuse, to improve treatment adherence and outcomes, and to enhance their lives.

Clinical guideline Published March 2011

Hyperglycaemia in acute coronary syndromes: management (CG130)

This guideline covers managing hyperglycaemia in the first 48 hours for adults admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndromes. It aims to improve initial management of hyperglycaemia and ensure that adults are given advice on their diabetes risk and how to reduce it.

Clinical guideline Published October 2011

Caesarean section (CG132)

This guideline covers when to offer caesarean section, procedural aspects of the operation and care after caesarean section. It aims to improve the consistency and quality of care for women who are considering a caesarean section or have had a caesarean section in the past and are now pregnant again.

Clinical guideline Published November 2011 Last updated September 2019

Healthcare-associated infections: prevention and control in primary and community care (CG139)

This guideline covers preventing and controlling healthcare-associated infections in children, young people and adults in primary and community care settings. It provides a blueprint for the infection prevention and control precautions that should be applied by everyone involved in delivering NHS care and treatment.

Clinical guideline Published March 2012 Last updated February 2017

Palliative care for adults: strong opioids for pain relief (CG140)

This guideline covers safe and effective prescribing of strong opioids for pain relief in adults with advanced and progressive disease. It aims to clarify the clinical pathway for prescribing and help to improve pain management and patient safety. Care during the last 2 to 3 days of life is covered by care of dying adults in the last days of life .

Clinical guideline Published May 2012 Last updated August 2016

Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in over 16s: management (CG141)

This guideline covers how upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be effectively managed in adults and young people aged 16 years and older. It aims to identify which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are useful so hospitals can develop a structure in which clinical teams can deliver an optimum service for people who develop this condition.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated August 2016

Multimorbidity: clinical assessment and management (NG56)

This guideline covers optimising care for adults with multimorbidity (multiple long-term conditions) by reducing treatment burden (polypharmacy and multiple appointments) and unplanned care. It aims to improve quality of life by promoting shared decisions based on what is important to each person in terms of treatments, health priorities, lifestyle and goals. The guideline sets out which people are most likely to benefit from an approach to care that takes account of multimorbidity, how they can be identified and what the care involves.

NICE guideline Published September 2016

Routine preoperative tests for elective surgery (NG45)

This guideline covers routine preoperative tests for people aged over 16 who are having elective surgery. It aims to reduce unnecessary testing by advising which tests to offer people before minor, intermediate and major or complex surgery, taking into account specific comorbidities (cardiovascular, renal and respiratory conditions and diabetes and obesity). It does not cover pregnant women or people having cardiothoracic procedures or neurosurgery.

NICE guideline Published April 2016

Haematological cancers: improving outcomes (NG47)

This guideline covers integrated diagnostic reporting for diagnosing haematological cancer in adults, young people and children. It also covers staffing, facilities (levels of care) and multidisciplinary teams needed for adults and young people. It aims to improve care for people with suspected or diagnosed cancer by promoting best practice on the organisation of haematological cancer services.

NICE guideline Published May 2016

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): assessment and management (NG49)

This guideline covers how to identify the adults, young people and children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) who have advanced liver fibrosis and are most at risk of further complications. It outlines the lifestyle changes and pharmacological treatments that can manage NAFLD and advanced liver fibrosis.

NICE guideline Published July 2016

Cirrhosis in over 16s: assessment and management (NG50)

This guideline covers assessing and managing suspected or confirmed cirrhosis in people who are 16 years or older. It aims to improve how cirrhosis is identified and diagnosed. It recommends tools to assess the severity of cirrhosis and gives advice on monitoring people with cirrhosis to detect and manage complications early, and referral criteria for tertiary care.

NICE guideline Published July 2016

Sepsis: recognition, diagnosis and early management (NG51)

This guideline covers the recognition, diagnosis and early management of sepsis for all populations. The guideline committee identified that the key issues to be included were: recognition and early assessment, diagnostic and prognostic value of blood markers for sepsis, initial treatment, escalating care, identifying the source of infection, early monitoring, information and support for patients and carers, and training and education.

NICE guideline Published July 2016 Last updated September 2017

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: diagnosis and management (NG52)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in people aged 16 years and over. It aims to improve care for people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma by promoting the best tests for diagnosis and staging and the most effective treatments for 6 of the subtypes. Tests and treatments covered include excision biopsy, radiotherapy, immunochemotherapy and stem cell transplantation.

NICE guideline Published July 2016

Low back pain and sciatica in over 16s: assessment and management (NG59)

This guideline covers assessing and managing low back pain and sciatica in people aged 16 and over. It outlines physical, psychological, pharmacological and surgical treatments to help people manage their low back pain and sciatica in their daily life. The guideline aims to improve people’s quality of life by promoting the most effective forms of care for low back pain and sciatica.

NICE guideline Published November 2016