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Pressure ulcers: prevention and management (CG179)

This guideline covers risk assessment, prevention and treatment in children, young people and adults at risk of, or who have, a pressure ulcer (also known as a bedsore or pressure sore). It aims to reduce the number of pressure ulcers in people admitted to secondary or tertiary care or receiving NHS care in other settings, such as primary and community care and emergency departments.

Clinical guideline Published April 2014

Acute kidney injury: prevention, detection and management (CG169)

This guideline covers preventing, detecting, and managing acute kidney injury in children (aged above 1 month and below 12 years), young people (aged 12 to 17 years) and adults (aged 18 years or older). It aims to improve assessment and detection by non-specialist clinicians, and specifies when they should refer people to specialist services. This will reduce the chance of death or complications for people at risk of acute kidney injury.

Clinical guideline Published August 2013

Autism spectrum disorder in under 19s: support and management (CG170)

This guideline covers children and young people with autism spectrum disorder (across the full range of intellectual ability) from birth until their 19th birthday. It covers the different ways that health and social care professionals can provide support, treatment and help for children and young people with autism, and their families and carers, from the early years through to their transition into young adult life.

Clinical guideline Published August 2013

Atrial fibrillation: management (CG180)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing atrial fibrillation in adults. It aims to ensure that people receive the best management to help prevent harmful complications, in particular stroke and bleeding.

Clinical guideline Published June 2014 Last updated August 2014

Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification (CG181)

This guideline covers the assessment and care of adults who are at risk of or who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as heart disease and stroke. It aims to help healthcare professionals identify people who are at risk of cardiovascular problems including people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. It describes the lifestyle changes people can make and how statins can be used to reduce their risk.

Clinical guideline Published July 2014 Last updated September 2016

Hepatitis B (chronic): diagnosis and management (CG165)

This guideline covers assessing and managing chronic hepatitis B in children, young people and adults. It aims to improve care for people with hepatitis B by specifying which tests and treatments to use for people of different ages and with different disease severities.

Clinical guideline Published June 2013 Last updated October 2017

Myocardial infarction: cardiac rehabilitation and prevention of further cardiovascular disease (CG172)

This guideline covers cardiac rehabilitation and preventing further cardiovascular disease in people aged 18 and over who have had a myocardial infarction. It aims to promote the health of people who have had an MI by encouraging them to attend a cardiac rehabilitation programme and advising them on a healthy lifestyle. It also includes advice on drug therapy.

Clinical guideline Published November 2013

Chronic kidney disease in adults: assessment and management (CG182)

This guideline covers the care and treatment of people with, or at risk of developing, chronic kidney disease. It aims to prevent or delay the progression of chronic kidney disease, reduce or prevent the development of complications, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Clinical guideline Published July 2014 Last updated January 2015

Varicose veins: diagnosis and management (CG168)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing varicose veins in people aged 18 and over. It aims to ensure that people understand the options for treating varicose veins and that healthcare professionals know when to refer people for specialist assessment and treatment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2013

Palliative care for adults: strong opioids for pain relief (CG140)

This guideline covers safe and effective prescribing of strong opioids for pain relief in adults with advanced and progressive disease. It aims to clarify the clinical pathway for prescribing and help to improve pain management and patient safety. Care during the last 2 to 3 days of life is covered by care of dying adults in the last days of life.

Clinical guideline Published May 2012 Last updated August 2016

Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in over 16s: management (CG141)

This guideline covers how upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be effectively managed in adults and young people aged 16 years and older. It aims to identify which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are useful so hospitals can develop a structure in which clinical teams can deliver an optimum service for people who develop this condition.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated August 2016

Autism spectrum disorder in adults: diagnosis and management (CG142)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing suspected or confirmed autism spectrum disorder (autism, Asperger’s syndrome and atypical autism) in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve access and engagement with interventions and services, and the experience of care, for people with autism.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated August 2016

Sickle cell disease: managing acute painful episodes in hospital (CG143)

This guideline covers managing acute painful sickle cell episodes in children, young people and adults who present at hospital, from presentation until when they are discharged. It aims to reduce variation in how acute episodes are managed in hospital, focusing on effective, prompt and safe pain relief.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012

Venous thromboembolic diseases: diagnosis, management and thrombophilia testing (CG144)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of venous thromboembolic diseases in adults (aged 18 and over), and the role of thrombophilia testing. It aims to clarify which diagnostic tests should be used, reduce variation in pharmacological therapies, and provide guidance on when thrombophilia testing is useful.

Clinical guideline Published June 2012 Last updated November 2015

Chronic kidney disease (stage 4 or 5): management of hyperphosphataemia (CG157)

This guideline covers managing hyperphosphataemia in children, young people and adults with stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease. It makes recommendations on dietary management and phosphate binders, to reduce variation in care and the risk of hyperparathyroidism for people with chronic kidney disease.

Clinical guideline Published March 2013

Antisocial behaviour and conduct disorders in children and young people: recognition and management (CG158)

This guideline covers recognising and managing antisocial behaviour and conduct disorders in children and young people aged under 19. It aims to improve care by identifying children and young people who are at risk and when interventions can prevent conduct disorders from developing. The guideline also makes recommendations on communication, to help professionals build relationships with children and young people and involve them in their own care.

Clinical guideline Published March 2013 Last updated April 2017

Spasticity in under 19s: management (CG145)

This guideline covers managing spasticity and co-existing motor disorders and their early musculoskeletal complications in children and young people (from birth up to their 19th birthday) with non-progressive brain disorders. It aims to reduce variation in practice and help healthcare professionals to select and use appropriate treatments.

Clinical guideline Published July 2012 Last updated November 2016

Osteoporosis: assessing the risk of fragility fracture (CG146)

This guideline covers assessing the risk of fragility fracture in people aged 18 and over with osteoporosis. It aims to provide guidance on the selection and use of risk assessment tools in the care of adults at risk of fragility fractures in all NHS settings.

Clinical guideline Published August 2012 Last updated February 2017

Peripheral arterial disease: diagnosis and management (CG147)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in people aged 18 and over. Rapid changes in diagnostic methods, endovascular treatments and vascular services associated with new specialties in surgery and interventional radiology have resulted in considerable uncertainty and variation in practice. This guideline aims to resolve that uncertainty and variation.

Clinical guideline Published August 2012 Last updated February 2018

Urinary incontinence in neurological disease: assessment and management (CG148)

This guideline covers assessing and managing urinary incontinence in children, young people and adults with neurological disease. It aims to improve care by recommending specific treatments based on what symptoms and neurological conditions people have.

Clinical guideline Published August 2012

Neonatal infection (early onset): antibiotics for prevention and treatment (CG149)

This guideline covers preventing infection within 72 hours of birth in healthy babies, treating pregnant women whose baby is at risk, and caring for babies who have a suspected or confirmed infection. It aims to reduce delays in recognising and treating sick babies and prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics.

Clinical guideline Published August 2012

Headaches in over 12s: diagnosis and management (CG150)

This guideline covers advice on the diagnosis and management of tension-type headache, migraine (including migraine with aura and menstrual-related migraine), cluster headache and medication overuse headache in young people (aged 12 years and older) and adults. It aims to improve the recognition and management of headaches, with more targeted treatment to improve the quality of life for people with headaches, and to reduce unnecessary investigations.

Clinical guideline Published September 2012 Last updated November 2015

Neutropenic sepsis: prevention and management in people with cancer (CG151)

This guideline covers preventing, identifying and managing neutropenic sepsis in children, young people and adults receiving treatment for cancer in the community and in secondary and tertiary care. It aims to reduce the risk of infection in people with neutropenia (low number of white blood cells) who are receiving anticancer treatment and improve management of neutropenic sepsis.

Clinical guideline Published September 2012

Social anxiety disorder: recognition, assessment and treatment (CG159)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing and treating social anxiety disorder (also known as ‘social phobia’) in children and young people (from school age to 17 years) and adults (aged 18 years and older). It aims to improve symptoms, educational, occupational and social functioning, and quality of life in people with social anxiety disorder.

Clinical guideline Published May 2013

Self-harm in over 8s: short-term management and prevention of recurrence (CG16)

This guideline covers the short-term management and prevention of self-harm in people aged 8 and over, regardless of whether accompanied by mental illness. It covers the first 48 hours following an act of self-harm, but does not address the longer-term psychiatric care of people who self-harm.

Clinical guideline Published July 2004

Service user experience in adult mental health: improving the experience of care for people using adult NHS mental health services (CG136)

This guideline covers the components of a good experience of service use. It aims to make sure that all adults using NHS mental health services have the best possible experience of care.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011

Obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder: treatment (CG31)

This guideline covers recognising, assessing, diagnosing and treating obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder in adults, young people and children (aged 8 years and older). It aims to improve the diagnosis and treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder. It includes recommendations on how families and carers may be able to support people with either of these conditions, and how they can get support for themselves.

Clinical guideline Published November 2005

Nutrition support for adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition (CG32)

This guideline covers identifying and caring for adults who are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition in hospital or in their own home or a care home. It offers advice on how oral, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition support should be started, administered and stopped. It aims to support healthcare professionals identify malnourished people and help them to choose the most appropriate form of support.

Clinical guideline Published February 2006 Last updated August 2017

Drug misuse in over 16s: opioid detoxification (CG52)

This guideline covers helping adults and young people over 16 who are dependent on opioids to stop using drugs. It aims to reduce illicit drug use and improve people’s physical and mental health, relationships and employment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Atopic eczema in under 12s: diagnosis and management (CG57)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing atopic eczema in children under 12. It aims to improve care for children with atopic eczema by making detailed recommendations on treatment and specialist referral. The guideline also explains how healthcare professionals should assess the effect eczema has on quality of life, in addition to its physical severity.

Clinical guideline Published December 2007

Postnatal care up to 8 weeks after birth (CG37)

This guideline covers the routine postnatal care women and their babies should receive for 6–8 weeks after the birth. It includes advice given on breastfeeding, and the management of common and serious health problems in women and their babies after the birth.

Clinical guideline Published July 2006 Last updated February 2015

Pneumonia in adults: diagnosis and management (CG191)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults. It aims to improve accurate assessment and diagnosis of pneumonia to help guide antibiotic prescribing and ensure that people receive the right treatment.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014

Intrapartum care for healthy women and babies (CG190)

This guideline covers the care of healthy women and their babies, during labour and immediately after the birth. It focuses on women who give birth between 37 and 42 weeks of pregnancy (‘term’). The guideline helps women to make an informed choice about where to have their baby. It also aims to reduce variation in areas of care such as fetal monitoring during labour and management of the third stage of labour.

Clinical guideline Published December 2014 Last updated February 2017

Obesity prevention (CG43)

This guideline covers preventing children, young people and adults becoming overweight or obese. It outlines how the NHS, local authorities, early years’ settings, schools and workplaces can increase physical activity levels and make dietary improvements among their target populations.

Clinical guideline Published December 2006 Last updated March 2015

Obesity: identification, assessment and management (CG189)

This guideline covers identifying, assessing and managing obesity in children (aged 2 years and over), young people and adults. It aims to improve the use of bariatric surgery and very-low-calorie diets to help people who are obese to reduce their weight.

Clinical guideline Published November 2014

Dental checks: intervals between oral health reviews (CG19)

This guideline covers assigning recall intervals between oral health reviews that are appropriate to the needs of individual patients. The guideline takes account of the effect of dental checks on: people’s wellbeing, general health and preventive habits; caries incidence and avoiding restorations; periodontal health and avoiding tooth loss; and avoiding pain and anxiety. It aims to improve or maintain patients’ quality of life and reduce morbidity associated with oral and dental disease.

Clinical guideline Published October 2004

Acutely ill adults in hospital: recognising and responding to deterioration (CG50)

This guideline covers how patients in hospital should be monitored to identify those whose health may become worse suddenly and the care they should receive. It aims to reduce the risk of patients needing to stay longer in hospital, not recovering fully or dying. It doesn’t specifically cover the care of children, patients in critical care areas or those in the final stages of a terminal illness.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Drug misuse in over 16s: psychosocial interventions (CG51)

This guideline covers using psychosocial interventions to treat adults and young people over 16 who have a problem with or are dependent on opioids, stimulants or cannabis. It aims to reduce illicit drug use and improve people’s physical and mental health, relationships and employment.

Clinical guideline Published July 2007

Faecal incontinence in adults: management (CG49)

This guideline covers assessing and managing faecal incontinence (any involuntary loss of faeces that is a social or hygienic problem) in people aged 18 and over. It aims to ensure that staff are aware that faecal incontinence is a sign or a symptom, not a diagnosis.

Clinical guideline Published June 2007

Physical activity: walking and cycling (PH41)

This guideline covers encouraging people to increase the amount they walk or cycle for travel or recreation purposes.

Public health guideline Published November 2012

Obesity: working with local communities (PH42)

This guideline covers how local communities, with support from local organisations and networks, can help prevent people from becoming overweight or obese or help them lose weight. It aims to support sustainable and community-wide action to achieve this.

Public health guideline Published November 2012 Last updated June 2017

Physical activity: brief advice for adults in primary care (PH44)

This guideline covers providing brief advice on physical activity to adults in primary care. It aims to improve health and wellbeing by raising awareness of the importance of physical activity and encouraging people to increase or maintain their activity level.

Public health guideline Published May 2013

Smoking: stopping in pregnancy and after childbirth (PH26)

This guideline covers support to help women stop smoking during pregnancy and in the first year after childbirth. It includes identifying women who need help to quit, referring them to stop smoking services and providing intensive and ongoing support to help them stop. The guideline also advises how to tailor services for women from disadvantaged groups in which smoking rates are high.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Weight management before, during and after pregnancy (PH27)

This guideline covers how to assess and monitor body weight and how to prevent someone from becoming overweight or obese before, during and after pregnancy. The aim is help all women who have a baby to achieve and maintain a healthy weight by adopting a balanced diet and being physically active.

Public health guideline Published July 2010

Cardiovascular disease prevention (PH25)

This guideline covers the main risk factors linked with cardiovascular disease: poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. It aims to reduce the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. This, in turn, will help prevent other major causes of death and illness, such as type 2 diabetes and many cancers.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Stroke rehabilitation in adults (CG162)

This guideline covers stroke rehabilitation for adults and young people aged 16 and over who have had a stroke with continuing impairment, activity limitation or participation restriction. It aims to improve rehabilitation for people who have had a stroke by specifying how stroke units and multidisciplinary stroke teams should be organised. It makes detailed recommendations on assessments and interventions for the functional difficulties caused by stroke.

Clinical guideline Published June 2013

Bedwetting in under 19s (CG111)

This guideline covers assessing and treating bedwetting in people aged under 19. It aims to reduce bedwetting and the distress this causes by explaining what to ask in an assessment, what advice to provide, and which treatments are effective.

Clinical guideline Published October 2010

Tuberculosis (NG33)

This guideline covers preventing, identifying and managing latent and active tuberculosis (TB) in children, young people and adults. It aims to improve ways of finding people who have TB in the community and recommends that everyone under 65 with latent TB should be treated. It describes how TB services should be organised, including the role of the TB control board.

NICE guideline Published January 2016 Last updated May 2016

Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management (NG18)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and young people aged under 18. The guideline recommends strict targets for blood glucose control to reduce the long-term risks associated with diabetes.

NICE guideline Published August 2015 Last updated November 2016

Mental health problems in people with learning disabilities: prevention, assessment and management (NG54)

This guideline covers preventing, assessing and managing mental health problems in people with learning disabilities in all settings (including health, social care, education, and forensic and criminal justice). It aims to improve assessment and support for mental health conditions, and help people with learning disabilities and their families and carers to be involved in their care.

NICE guideline Published September 2016