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Healthcare-associated infections: prevention and control (PH36)

This quality improvement guide was produced by NICE, in partnership with the Health Protection Agency (HPA). Its aim is twofold: to reduce the risk of harm from healthcare-associated infections for patients, staff and visitors; and to reduce the costs associated with preventable infection.

Public health guideline Published November 2011

BMI: preventing ill health and premature death in black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups (PH46)

This guideline covers the link between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference and the risk of disease among adults from black, Asian and other minority ethnic groups in the UK. The aim was to determine whether lower cut-off points should be used for these groups as a trigger for lifestyle interventions to prevent conditions such as diabetes, myocardial infarction or stroke.

Public health guideline Published July 2013

Social and emotional wellbeing in secondary education (PH20)

This guideline covers interventions to support social and emotional wellbeing among young people aged 11–19 years who are in full-time education. It aims to promote good social, emotional and psychological health to protect young people against behavioural and health problems.

Public health guideline Published September 2009

Physical activity for children and young people (PH17)

This guideline covers promoting physical activity for children and young people aged under 18 at home, preschool, school and in the community. It includes raising awareness of the benefits of physical activity, listening to what children and young people want, planning and providing spaces and facilities, and helping families build physical activity into their daily lives.

Public health guideline Published January 2009

Crohn's disease: management (NG129)

This guideline covers the management of Crohn’s disease in children, young people and adults. It aims to reduce people’s symptoms and maintain or improve their quality of life.

NICE guideline Published May 2019

Workplace health: management practices (NG13)

This guideline covers how to improve the health and wellbeing of employees, with a focus on organisational culture and the role of line managers.

NICE guideline Published June 2015 Last updated March 2016

Ulcerative colitis: management (NG130)

This guideline covers the management of ulcerative colitis in children, young people and adults. It aims to help professionals to provide consistent high-quality care and it highlights the importance of advice and support for people with ulcerative colitis.

NICE guideline Published May 2019

Prostate cancer: diagnosis and management (NG131)

This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of prostate cancer in secondary care, including information on the best way to diagnose and identify different stages of the disease, and how to manage adverse effects of treatment. It also includes recommendations on follow-up in primary care for people diagnosed with prostate cancer.

NICE guideline Published May 2019

Harmful sexual behaviour among children and young people (NG55)

This guideline covers children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour, including those on remand or serving community or custodial sentences. It aims to ensure these problems don’t escalate and possibly lead to them being charged with a sexual offence. It also aims to ensure no-one is unnecessarily referred to specialist services.

NICE guideline Published September 2016

Multimorbidity: clinical assessment and management (NG56)

This guideline covers optimising care for adults with multimorbidity (multiple long-term conditions) by reducing treatment burden (polypharmacy and multiple appointments) and unplanned care. It aims to improve quality of life by promoting shared decisions based on what is important to each person in terms of treatments, health priorities, lifestyle and goals. The guideline sets out which people are most likely to benefit from an approach to care that takes account of multimorbidity, how they can be identified and what the care involves.

NICE guideline Published September 2016

Physical health of people in prison (NG57)

This guideline covers assessing, diagnosing and managing physical health problems of people in prison. It aims to improve health and wellbeing in the prison population by promoting more coordinated care and more effective approaches to prescribing, dispensing and supervising medicines.

NICE guideline Published November 2016

Coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse: community health and social care services (NG58)

This guideline covers how to improve services for people aged 14 and above who have been diagnosed as having coexisting severe mental illness and substance misuse. The aim is to provide a range of coordinated services that address people’s wider health and social care needs, as well as other issues such as employment and housing.

NICE guideline Published November 2016

Low back pain and sciatica in over 16s: assessment and management (NG59)

This guideline covers assessing and managing low back pain and sciatica in people aged 16 and over. It outlines physical, psychological, pharmacological and surgical treatments to help people manage their low back pain and sciatica in their daily life. The guideline aims to improve people’s quality of life by promoting the most effective forms of care for low back pain and sciatica.

NICE guideline Published November 2016

Social and emotional wellbeing in primary education (PH12)

This guideline covers approaches to promoting social and emotional wellbeing in children aged 4 to 11 years in primary education. It includes planning and delivering programmes and activities to help children develop social and emotional skills and wellbeing. It also covers identifying signs of anxiety or social and emotional problems in children and how to address them.

Public health guideline Published March 2008

Unintentional injuries on the road: interventions for under 15s (PH31)

This guideline covers road speed limits, 20mph zones and engineering measures to reduce speed or make routes safer.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Skin cancer prevention (PH32)

This guideline covers new buildings and communal outdoor areas. The aim is to ensure there are enough shady areas to protect people from overexposure to the sun.

Public health guideline Published January 2011 Last updated February 2016

Cardiovascular disease prevention (PH25)

This guideline covers the main risk factors linked with cardiovascular disease: poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. It aims to reduce the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. This, in turn, will help prevent other major causes of death and illness, such as type 2 diabetes and many cancers.

Public health guideline Published June 2010

Workplace health: long-term sickness absence and incapacity to work (PH19)

This guideline covers how to help employees return to work after long-term sickness and how to help people receiving benefits return to employment (paid or unpaid).

Public health guideline Published March 2009

Unintentional injuries: prevention strategies for under 15s (PH29)

This guideline covers strategies, regulation, enforcement, surveillance and workforce development in relation to preventing unintentional injuries in the home, on the road and during outdoor play and leisure.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Sexually transmitted infections and under-18 conceptions: prevention (PH3)

This guideline covers one-to-one interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and under-18 conceptions. The aim is to reduce the transmission of chlamydia and other STIs, including HIV, and reduce the rate of pregnancies among women aged under 18.

Public health guideline Published February 2007

Unintentional injuries in the home: interventions for under 15s (PH30)

This guideline covers home safety assessments, supplying and installing safety equipment and providing education and advice. It aims to prevent unintentional injuries among all children and young people aged under 15 but, in particular, those living in disadvantaged circumstances.

Public health guideline Published November 2010

Smoking: acute, maternity and mental health services (PH48)

This guideline covers helping people to stop smoking in acute, maternity and mental health services. It promotes smokefree policies and services and recommends effective ways to help people stop smoking or to abstain from smoking while using or working in secondary care settings.

Public health guideline Published November 2013

Behaviour change: individual approaches (PH49)

This guideline covers changing health-damaging behaviours among people aged 16 and over using interventions such as goals and planning, feedback and monitoring, and social support. It aims to help tackle a range of behaviours including alcohol misuse, poor eating patterns, lack of physical activity, unsafe sexual behaviour and smoking.

Public health guideline Published January 2014

Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese adults (PH53)

This guideline covers multi-component lifestyle weight management services including programmes, courses, clubs or groups provided by the public, private and voluntary sector. The aim is to help people lose weight and become more physically active to reduce the risk of diseases associated with obesity. This includes coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and various cancers.

Public health guideline Published May 2014

Physical activity: exercise referral schemes (PH54)

This guideline covers exercise referral schemes for people aged 19 and older, in particular, those who are inactive or sedentary. The aim is to encourage people to be physically active.

Public health guideline Published September 2014

Oral health: local authorities and partners (PH55)

This guideline covers improving oral health by developing and implementing a strategy that meets the needs of people in the local community. It aims to promote and protect people’s oral health by improving their diet and oral hygiene, and by encouraging them to visit the dentist regularly.

Public health guideline Published October 2014

Contraceptive services for under 25s (PH51)

This guideline covers contraceptive services for under-25s. It aims to ensure all under-25s are given advice and information on all types of contraception. This includes additional tailored support to meet the particular needs and choices of those who are socially disadvantaged or who may find it difficult to use these services.

Public health guideline Published March 2014

Needle and syringe programmes (PH52)

This guideline covers needle and syringe programmes for people (including those under 16) who inject drugs. The main aim is to reduce the transmission of viruses and other infections caused by sharing injecting equipment, such as HIV, hepatitis B and C. In turn, this will reduce the prevalence of blood-borne viruses and bacterial infections, so benefiting wider society.

Public health guideline Published March 2014

Alcohol: school-based interventions (PH7)

This guideline covers school-based interventions to prevent and reduce alcohol use among children and young people. It aims to encourage children and young people not to drink, delay the age at which they start drinking and reduce the harm to those who do drink.

Public health guideline Published November 2007

Smoking: workplace interventions (PH5)

This guideline covers how employers can encourage and support employees to stop smoking. It aims to reduce the number of people who smoke or are exposed to second-hand smoke and the rate of diseases and conditions caused by smoking.

Public health guideline Published April 2007

Domestic violence and abuse: multi-agency working (PH50)

This guideline covers planning and delivering multi-agency services for domestic violence and abuse. It aims to help identify, prevent and reduce domestic violence and abuse among women and men in heterosexual or same-sex relationships, and among young people.

Public health guideline Published February 2014

Weight management: lifestyle services for overweight or obese children and young people (PH47)

This guideline covers lifestyle weight management services for children and young people aged under 18 who are overweight or obese. It advises how to deliver effective weight management programmes that support children and young people to change their lifestyle and manage their weight.

Public health guideline Published October 2013

Older people: independence and mental wellbeing (NG32)

This guideline covers interventions to maintain and improve the mental wellbeing and independence of people aged 65 or older and how to identify those most at risk of a decline.

NICE guideline Published December 2015

Tuberculosis (NG33)

This guideline covers preventing, identifying and managing latent and active tuberculosis (TB) in children, young people and adults. It aims to improve ways of finding people who have TB in the community and recommends that everyone under 65 with latent TB should be treated. It describes how TB services should be organised, including the role of the TB control board.

NICE guideline Published January 2016 Last updated May 2016

Managing medicines in care homes (SC1)

This guideline covers good practice for managing medicines in care homes. It aims to promote the safe and effective use of medicines in care homes by advising on processes for prescribing, handling and administering medicines. It also recommends how care and services relating to medicines should be provided to people living in care homes.

Social care guideline Published March 2014

Common mental health problems: identification and pathways to care (CG123)

This guideline covers care for people aged 18 and over with common mental health problems, with a focus on primary care. It aims to improve access to services for adults and how mental health problems are identified and assessed, and makes recommendations on local care pathways.

Clinical guideline Published May 2011

Hip fracture: management (CG124)

This guideline covers managing hip fracture in adults. It aims to improve care from the time people aged 18 and over are admitted to hospital through to when they return to the community. Recommendations emphasise the importance of early surgery and coordinating care through a multidisciplinary hip fracture programme to help people recover faster and regain their mobility.

Clinical guideline Published June 2011 Last updated May 2017

Colorectal cancer prevention: colonoscopic surveillance in adults with ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease or adenomas (CG118)

This guideline covers using colonoscopy to check for signs of bowel cancer in people aged 18 and over with ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease (types of inflammatory bowel disease) or adenomas (also known as polyps). It aims to prevent cancer and prolong life by offering advice on identifying early bowel cancer in adults most at risk.

Clinical guideline Published March 2011

Coexisting severe mental illness (psychosis) and substance misuse: assessment and management in healthcare settings (CG120)

This guideline covers assessing and managing people aged 14 years and over with coexisting severe mental illness (psychosis) and substance misuse. It aims to help healthcare professionals guide people with psychosis with coexisting substance misuse to stabilise, reduce or stop their substance misuse, to improve treatment adherence and outcomes, and to enhance their lives.

Clinical guideline Published March 2011

Ovarian cancer: recognition and initial management (CG122)

This guideline covers detecting, diagnosing and treating women (18 years and older) who have, or are suspected of having, epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, primary peritoneal cancer or borderline ovarian cancer. It aims to enable earlier detection of ovarian cancer and improve initial treatment.

Clinical guideline Published April 2011

Meningitis (bacterial) and meningococcal septicaemia in under 16s: recognition, diagnosis and management (CG102)

This guideline covers recognising, diagnosing and managing bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia (blood poisoning) in babies, children and young people under 16. It aims to reduce deaths and disability by promoting early recognition of symptoms and timely effective management.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010 Last updated February 2015

Hyperglycaemia in acute coronary syndromes: management (CG130)

This guideline covers managing hyperglycaemia in the first 48 hours for adults admitted to hospital for acute coronary syndromes. It aims to improve initial management of hyperglycaemia and ensure that adults are given advice on their diabetes risk and how to reduce it.

Clinical guideline Published October 2011

Colorectal cancer: diagnosis and management (CG131)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing colorectal (bowel) cancer in people aged 18 and over. It aims to improve quality of life and survival for adults with colorectal cancer through early diagnosis and staging, management of local disease according to risk of recurrence (high, moderate, low) and management of secondary tumours (metastatic disease).

Clinical guideline Published November 2011 Last updated December 2014

Metastatic malignant disease of unknown primary origin in adults: diagnosis and management (CG104)

This guideline covers diagnosing and managing secondary cancers in people aged 18 and over when the site of the primary cancer is unknown. This includes people who have had treatment for cancer before. It aims to improve quality of life by offering advice on tests for identifying the site of the primary cancer and options for managing the person’s condition when this cannot be found.

Clinical guideline Published July 2010

Barrett's oesophagus: ablative therapy (CG106)

This guideline covers endoscopy treatments for people aged 18 and over with Barrett’s oesophagus and high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal cancer. It offers advice on which types of endoscopy treatments should be offered and how these should be used. It aims to improve choice of treatment for adults with Barrett’s oesophagus and improve quality of life and survival for those who cannot have surgery.

Clinical guideline Published August 2010

Service user experience in adult mental health: improving the experience of care for people using adult NHS mental health services (CG136)

This guideline covers the components of a good experience of service use. It aims to make sure that all adults using NHS mental health services have the best possible experience of care.

Clinical guideline Published December 2011

Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management of physical complications (CG100)

This guideline covers care for adults and young people (aged 10 years and older) with physical health problems that are completely or partly caused by an alcohol-use disorder. It aims to improve the health of people with alcohol-use disorders by providing recommendations on managing acute alcohol withdrawal and treating alcohol-related conditions.

Clinical guideline Published June 2010 Last updated April 2017

Transition from children's to adults' services for young people using health or social care services (NG43)

This guideline covers the period before, during and after a young person moves from children's to adults' services. It aims to help young people and their carers have a better experience of transition by improving the way it’s planned and carried out. It covers both health and social care.

NICE guideline Published February 2016

Community engagement: improving health and wellbeing and reducing health inequalities (NG44)

This guideline covers community engagement approaches to reduce health inequalities, ensure health and wellbeing initiatives are effective and help local authorities and health bodies meet their statutory obligations.

NICE guideline Published March 2016

Routine preoperative tests for elective surgery (NG45)

This guideline covers routine preoperative tests for people aged over 16 who are having elective surgery. It aims to reduce unnecessary testing by advising which tests to offer people before minor, intermediate and major or complex surgery, taking into account specific comorbidities (cardiovascular, renal and respiratory conditions and diabetes and obesity). It does not cover pregnant women or people having cardiothoracic procedures or neurosurgery.

NICE guideline Published April 2016