NICE is committed to promoting equality, eliminating unlawful discrimination and fostering good relations between people with particular protected characteristics and others. In producing guidance and advice, NICE aims to comply fully with all legal obligations to: promote race and disability equality and equality of opportunity between men and women, eliminate unlawful discrimination on grounds of race, disability, age, sex, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity (including women post-delivery), sexual orientation, and religion or belief (these are protected characteristics under the Equality Act 2010).
Successive radiation exposure increases a person's cumulative risk of developing cancer, with higher radiation doses contributing a higher risk. Children are at higher risk than adults because they are more sensitive to radiation. Pregnant women and their foetuses are also at higher risk of damage from radiation exposure. Age and pregnancy are protected characteristics under the Equality Act 2010.