This guideline covers the care and treatment of people aged 18 and over with generalised anxiety disorder (chronic anxiety) or panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia or panic attacks). It aims to help people achieve complete relief of symptoms (remission), which is associated with better functioning and a lower likelihood of relapse.
This guideline includes recommendations on:
- principles of care for people with generalised anxiety disorder
- stepped care for people with generalised anxiety disorder
- principles of care for people with panic disorder
- stepped care for people with panic disorder
Who is it for?
- Healthcare professionals
- Adults with a working diagnosis of generalised anxiety disorder or panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia), and their families and carers
Is this guideline up to date?
We checked this guideline and decided that it should not be updated at this time but amendments to specific recommendations and withdrawal of specific recommendations will be required.
Next review: 2017
Guideline development process
This guideline was previously called generalised anxiety disorder and panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia) in adults: management in primary, secondary and community care.
This guideline updates and replaces NICE guideline CG22 (December 2004).
The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, professionals are expected to take this guideline fully into account, alongside the individual needs, preferences and values of their patients or service users. The application of the recommendations in this guideline is not mandatory and the guideline does not override the responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or their carer or guardian.
Local commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to enable the guideline to be applied when individual health professionals and their patients or service users wish to use it. They should do so in the context of local and national priorities for funding and developing services, and in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, to advance equality of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.