This guideline covers cardiac rehabilitation and preventing further cardiovascular disease in people aged 18 and over who have had a myocardial infarction. It aims to promote the health of people who have had an MI by encouraging them to attend a cardiac rehabilitation programme and advising them on a healthy lifestyle. It also includes advice on drug therapy.
This guideline includes recommendations on:
Who is it for?
- Healthcare professionals
- Adults who have had a myocardial infarction, and their families and carers
Is this guideline up to date?
NICE's guidelines on unstable angina and NSTEMI: early management (CG94), myocardial infarction: cardiac rehabilitation and prevention of further cardiovascular disease (CG172) and myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation: acute management (CG167) are being combined and updated. The new guideline will be titled acute coronary syndromes when published.
Guideline development process
This guideline updates and replaces NICE guideline CG48 (May 2007). It also updates recommendation 1.3 in NICE technology appraisal guidance 80 (July 2004).
This guideline was previously called acute heart failure: diagnosing and managing acute heart failure in adults.
The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, professionals and practitioners are expected to take this guideline fully into account, alongside the individual needs, preferences and values of their patients or the people using their service. It is not mandatory to apply the recommendations, and the guideline does not override the responsibility to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual, in consultation with them and their families and carers or guardian.
All problems (adverse events) related to a medicine or medical device used for treatment or in a procedure should be reported to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency using the Yellow Card Scheme.
Local commissioners and providers of healthcare have a responsibility to enable the guideline to be applied when individual professionals and people using services wish to use it. They should do so in the context of local and national priorities for funding and developing services, and in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, to advance equality of opportunity and to reduce health inequalities. Nothing in this guideline should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with complying with those duties.
Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.