The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on Corneal inlay implantation for correction of Presbyopia.


Age-related long-sightedness (presbyopia) develops as the lens in the eye becomes stiffer, making it difficult to focus on close objects. It is usually corrected with reading glasses or contact lenses. Surgery such as lens replacement may be offered. Corneal inlay implantation is a surgical treatment in which a disc is placed inside a flap or pocket made in the cornea (the transparent layer at the front of the eye). This improves near vision by changing the way in which light passes through the eye.

Coding recommendations

C46.4  Insertion of prosthesis into cornea

Your responsibility

This guidance represents the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, healthcare professionals are expected to take this guidance fully into account. However, the guidance does not override the individual responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or guardian or carer.

Commissioners and/or providers have a responsibility to implement the guidance, in their local context, in light of their duties to have due regard to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination, advance equality of opportunity, and foster good relations. Nothing in this guidance should be interpreted in a way that would be inconsistent with compliance with those duties.

Commissioners and providers have a responsibility to promote an environmentally sustainable health and care system and should assess and reduce the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible.

  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)