2 Indications and current treatments
2.1 Pancreatic cancer usually causes few symptoms until the disease has reached an advanced stage, so most cases are diagnosed when curative treatment is not possible.
2.2 Because potentially curative surgery is rarely an option, most patients can only be offered palliative treatment to relieve their symptoms. Stenting of the bile duct and duodenum can be used to relieve obstruction caused by pancreatic cancer, and sometimes surgical bypass is needed. Other treatment options include palliative chemotherapy and radiotherapy.