Hip, knee and shoulder joint replacements are among the most common orthopaedic operations performed in the UK. Around 90% of joint replacements are done to reduce pain and restore function in joints affected by osteoarthritis.
Surgical procedures for joint replacement vary. In addition, a wide range of joint implants are used. They can be made of metal, plastic or ceramic, and can be fixed into place using a variety of methods. These factors can all affect the longevity of the implant. They also have an effect on short-term outcomes such as postoperative pain and complications.
There are wide variations in the care provided before, during and after joint replacement surgery, particularly the provision of rehabilitation. This care is a vital factor in the success of this surgery.
The guideline aims to ensure that people having joint replacement surgery understand the various options and are offered the best possible care before, during and after their surgery.